NCL-637961: The broken pot with corrroded coins mass plus vegetable matter

Rights Holder: The British Museum
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Rights Holder: The British Museum
CC License:

Rights Holder: The British Museum
CC License:

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COIN HOARD

Unique ID: NCL-637961

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Two small ceramic beakers containing Roman silver coins were found by a metal-detector user searching on pasture (formerly ploughed) in the Selby area of East Yorkshire on 7th March 2010. One of the beakers was broken and the other still intact. A small spread of coins from the broken beaker was found with the pots. The beakers were brought to the British Museum by the PAS Finds Liaison Officer in May 2010. They were then sent for examination by Microtomographic Volume Imaging at Southampton University. On their return to the Museum, the contents were excavated in the Department of Conservation and the coins removed for identification.
The coins
The pots contained 201 coins in total; 102 in Pot I (the broken pot, including scatter) and 99 in Pot II (the complete pot). The coins were all silver Roman coins of the denomination known as the denarius (plural denarii). The composition of the contents of the pots was similar, each being typical of a denarius hoard buried in the early AD 180s. The earliest coins were the worn Roman Republican denarii issued by Mark Antony in 32-31 BC and of a type that is known to have circulated into the Antonine period and beyond. The latest coin of Pot I was the latest in the hoard, a single coin of Commodus dated to AD 181 at the beginning of his reign. The latest coin of Pot II was a coin of Diva Faustina II from the end of the sole reign of Marcus Aurelius (dated to c. AD 176-180). The coins showed little sign of wear, suggesting that there was not a long period of circulation prior to burial.
Associated material
The two ceramic beakers are yet to be studied fully but are clearly associated with the coins and of Roman date. The beakers also contained a significant amount of plant material spread throughout their contents. This is being analysed by the Department of Scientific Research at the British Museum.
Summary:

(Ruler, Pot I, Pot II, Total)

Mark Antony (coins dated 32-31 BC)213Nero (AD 54 - 68)213Otho (AD 69)011Galba (AD 69)101Vitellius (AD 69)101Vespasian (AD 69-79)131023Domitian Caesar202Titus (AD 79 - 81)303Domitian Caesar011Domitian (AD 81 - 96)358Nerva (AD 96-98)134Trajan (AD 98-117)161733Hadrian (AD 117-38)161935Sabina112Antoninus Pius (AD 138-61)131629Faustina I51116Faustina II101Marcus Aurelius Caesar527Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus (AD 161-169)Marcus Aurelius448Lucius Verus246Faustina II011Lucilla303Divus Antoninus213Marcus Aurelius sole reign (AD 169-180)505Faustina II011Commodus (AD 180-192)101Total10299201

Notes:

Metal Content and Age
The find satisfies the terms of the Treasure Act with regard to the age and metal content of the coins. They are certainly more than 300 years old and have a precious metal content far in excess of the 10% threshold.

Same find?
The coins were found together (most still within their containers). The composition of the group is what one would expect from a sample of silver coins circulating in the late second century AD. The two beakers appear to have been buried at the same time as each other and therefore constitute one find.

Recommendation
On the balance of probabilities, I conclude that this find constitutes a prima facie case of treasure under the terms of the Treasure Act (1996), by being part of a group of two or more precious metal coins of the same find. Dr Eleanor Ghey

Referred to as the Selby Coin hoard.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: British Museum
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2010T119

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: ROMAN
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: ROMAN

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 201

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 7th March 2010

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: 2010 T119
Treasure case number: 2010T119

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Selby area

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: British Museum
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Audit data

Recording Institution: NCL
Created: 12 years ago
Updated: 6 years ago

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