SOM-FDB947: SOM-FDB947: Medieval single loop oval buckle

Rights Holder: Somerset County Council
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BUCKLE

Unique ID: SOM-FDB947

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Complete Medieval copper alloy single loop oval buckle with gilded plate. The curved side of the buckle frame widens slightly towards its centre, the bar is narrowed and offset. The pin consists of a strip of metal wrapped around the bar and remains in situ. The frame and pin are a greenish colour and are in generally good condition. They possibly show signs of tinning in places (but this is hard to tell from the photograph). The plate appears to be of a slightly different alloy as it has a rough red-brown patina in places. The plate consists of a strip of metal, folded in two around the bar of the frame, with a void in the centre to hold the pin in place. The reverse of the plate and the section wrapped around the bar are slightly narrower than the outer face. Two rivets secure the faces to one another at the end furthest from the frame. Traces of gilding remain on the outer face of the plate, highlighting the raised decoration. This consists of a lion en passant within a roughly square border decorated with two rows of small dots. The frame is Meols (Griffiths et al. 2007, p.84) type 2, assigned to the late 13th/early 14th century. Those shown in Egan and Pritchard (1991, pp.68-70) also seem to largely belong to this date range. A similar plate can be seen in Egan and Pritchard (ibid., p.111) no.500 (and example next to it from a private collection, which is not numbered). This particular example dates from the early 13th century, c.1200-30 (ibid. p.3) and the authors note that plates with lions in various heraldic stances are common (ibid. p.112). Two similar examples are also shown in Meols (Griffiths et al. 2007, p.107, pl.18) no.851&2 and parallels mentioned here date from the ?12th/early 13th century and the late 13th/early 14th century. This may possibly suggest, therefore, that the plate is of an earlier date to the frame. This disparity in dates would perhaps tie in with the difference in alloys and condition. Perhaps an earlier, decorative plate was reused some decades later in conjunction with a later frame. It is also interesting to note that the rivets do not seem to extend far into the holes of the rear plate - perhaps as a result of being removed and replaced. Alternatively, given that one example of a plate of this type of a later date is mentioned in Meols, perhaps this simply represents the end of a longer tradition? Total length: 40mm, Width: 27mm

Notes:

Recorded at finds day - identified from photograph

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Evidence of reuse: Possibly earlier plate reused with later frame

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1200
Date to: Circa AD 1350

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 40 mm
Width: 27 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 10th February 2010

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Anna Booth
Identified by: Ms Anna Booth

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Recorded at finds day (Wells 10-02-10)

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Gold
Manufacture method: Multiple
Completeness: Complete
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Somerset (County)
District: South Somerset (District)
Parish or ward: Shepton Montague (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: ST6830
Four figure Latitude: 51.068432
Four figure longitude: -2.458074
1:25K map: ST6830
1:10K map: ST63SE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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