LON-98AB36: A Medieval – Post Medieval lead alloy token (15th - early 16th century).

Rights Holder: Museum of London
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TOKEN

Unique ID: LON-98AB36

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A Medieval – Post Medieval lead alloy token (15th - early 16th century). Cross and Pellets series, London manufacture.

Obverse: IHC within a broad oblique ray border
Obverse inscription: None
Reverse: Cross with three pellets in each quarter inside a linear circle; the whole enclosed with a broad oblique ray border. Rays have the same orientation on obverse and reverse.
Reverse inscription: None

Dimensions: diameter: 11.82mm; weight: 0.85g.

Reference: Mitchiner, M. and Skinner, A. 1984. English Tokens C.1425 – 1672. In Challis, C. and Blackburn, M. The British Numismatic Journal Volume 54 1985. p.94 and 146 no 63.
 

Notes:

The Cross and Pellets Series of tokens are only known in London and Paris These tokens have been found associated with coins of Henry VI through to Henry VII and it is thought production ended in 1490 but the continued in circulation into the 16th century.

All London examples have the rays orientated in the same direction on the obverse and reverse, the Paris examples show different orientations (Mitchiner & Skinner 1984:94).

John Clark: IHC = first three letters of Jesus in Greek Iota-Eta-Sigma. In the Medieval period this changed to be a Latin abbreviation for Jesus Homine Salvator – Jesus Saviour of Mankind. In black lettering the H changed from the capital to the lower case with a cross through the upright.

John Clark Senior Medieval Curator, Museum of London.
 

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1400
Date to: Circa AD 1550

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 0.85 g
Diameter: 11.82 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 1st December 2009

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Felicity Winkley
Identified by: Mrs Kate Sumnall
Secondary identifier: Mr John Clark

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead Alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Jetton/ token data

Denomination: Uncertain
Obverse inscription: Complete Post Medieval cast lead alloy token (1500-1700 AD).

Spatial metadata

Region: London (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Greater London Authority (Greater London Authority)
District: Newham (London Borough)
Parish or ward: Canning Town North (London Borough Ward)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ3981
Four figure Latitude: 51.51083702
Four figure longitude: 0.00162938
1:25K map: TQ3981
1:10K map: TQ38SE
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Found whilst searching the Thames foreshore.
General landuse: Open fresh water
Specific landuse: Running water

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LON
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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