WMID-0BE607: Post Medieval: Salt glazed Stoneware Bellamine Jug vessel sherd

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VESSEL

Unique ID: WMID-0BE607

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A bodysherd/fragment of a wheelthrown salt glazed ceramic vessel. The sherd is 8.25mm thick and weighs 34.8g. It is 68.02mm long and 45.62mm wide. The internal diameter of the sherd is 7cm wide. The sherd consists of a neck fragment, most likely from a jug, in a light grey stoneware fabric. The exterior surface is a dark brown mottled colour with a salt glaze (orange peel glaze) with either an embossed or applied face decoration. In style the face shows two large heavy eyebrows, two outfacing eyes, an elongated nose and part of a thick moustache. The interior surface is a lighter mottled brown colour. This fabric is consistent with that of an imported German stoneware, mostly likely from the Frechen area (10km southwest of Cologne). Frechen ware was imported into Britain from the second half of 16th century up until the early 18th century. The presence of the face or mask on the sherd indicates that it is from a Bellamine or 'Bartmann' jug. These jugs were commonly used to import alcohol / spirits from the continent (Germany and the Low Countries) and the face is commonly thought to be associated with that of Cardinal Roberto Bellarmino (1542-1621), who was a stauch opposer of Protestantism. The face has also been interpreted as that of a 'wild man' or bearded man of the popular European myths of the time. The faces were initially very well done but over time, throughout the 17th century, they become cruder in design. Sherd specific details: Fabric type: light grey stoneware with sparse tiny quartz fragments Sherd type: neck sherd Wall thickness: 8.25mm Firing condition: reduced Hardness: very hard Glaze: salt (orange peel) Decoration: Face with two large, heavy, bushy eyebrows, two large out facing eyes with minor bags underneath. An elongated nose and part of a thick bushy moustache. Condition of sherds: slightly abraded Sherd/fragment photographed.

Chronology

Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: AD 1600
Date to: AD 1750

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 68.02 mm
Width: 45.62 mm
Thickness: 8.25 mm
Weight: 34.8 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 9th August 2009

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Teresa Gilmore
Identified by: Miss Teresa Gilmore

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Brailes

Materials and construction

Primary material: Ceramic
Manufacture method: Wheel made
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Warwickshire (County)
District: Stratford-on-Avon (District)
To be known as: Brailes

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 7 years ago

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