HESH-927418: Early Medieval: Ceramic vessel

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

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Unique ID: HESH-927418

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Sherd from either an urn or carinated jar of early medieval date (500 – 700AD). The sherd is broken and incomplete; the inner surface of the pot is lost due to a laminating fracture. What remains is much abraded. The upper surface of the sherd is decorated; the surface is burnished and a decorative pattern impressed. This pattern consists of a series of double horizontal parallel bands which have been formed by impressing the surface with a tool, the section of each grooved band is U shaped. Two areas of these double bands exist on the sherd. Between these two double bands are a series of regular impressed or stamped patterns. Although only two of these exist on the sherd, further stamps can be seen on the edges, suggesting that the band continues around the pot. The stamp is relatively simple, consisting of a circle with an irregular shaped saltire cross dividing the middle. The cross within the stamp is a positive mark (meaning that the circle is impressed and the cross is at the same level as the surface of the vessel. The fabric of the vessel is very hard; it is an earthenware with frequent angular and sub-angular white quartz, common angular black mica (probably biotite), infrequent white coloured rock – possibly feldspar, and common sand like mica inclusions. There seems to be no shell tempering present in this sherd. The inner colour of the fabric cannot be judged due to the nature of the abrasion, the outer is a reduced grey colour. A direct parallel for this type of urn has not been found. It is highly unusual being found this far West, the majority of the urns are known from the South and East of Britain. This makes this sherd an important artefact in the history of Herefordshire. The sherd measures 33.5mm length, 37.1mm width, 8.0mm thick and weighs 8.18 grams.


Images of this sherd have been sent to Kevin Leahy for his opinion.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: Urn


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: AD 500
Date to: AD 700

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 33.5 mm
Width: 37.1 mm
Thickness: 8 mm
Weight: 8.18 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Peter Reavill
Identified by: Mr Peter Reavill

Materials and construction

Primary material: Pottery
Manufacture method: Wheel made
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: North Herefordshire

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Chance find during metal detecting
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 6 years ago

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