SWYOR-174FC1: Roman amulet

Rights Holder: West Yorkshire Archaeology Service
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Unique ID: SWYOR-174FC1

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A copper alloy amulet, probably depicting a Sphinx (normally having the head of a woman, the body of a lion and the wings of a bird). The head is slightly turned to the her right; the hair is indistinct, either in short curls or in thick braids. The wings are corroded and incomplete but appear to be thick, flat and simplified. The neck swells out into the a woman's chest with breasts clearly shown. Just below the breasts is a thick moulded ridge across the body, with a narrower ridge above and below. This triple line separates the chest from a single lion's paw foot, with four well-modelled toes each with two joints separated by transverse grooves. The foot sits on a low sub-circular base.

There is a loop on the back of the figure, in the small of the back, with a bar projecting back and up at a 45 degree angle above it. The loop is for suspension and explains the term amulet: 'An amulet was any object - a stone, a plant, an artificial production, or a piece of writing - which was suspended from the neck, or tied to any part of the body, for the purpose of counteracting poison, curing or preventing disease, warding off the evil eye, aiding women in childbirth, or obviating calamities and securing advantages of any kind.'http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Amuletum.html The amulet has a dark green patina. The object has a length of 46.48mm, width 16.64mm, thickness 7.82mm and a weight of 47.33g. It dates from the Roman period.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 43
Date to: Circa AD 410

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 46.48 mm
Width: 16.64 mm
Thickness: 7.82 mm
Weight: 47.33 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 6th August 2009

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Amy Downes
Identified by: Ms Amy Downes
Secondary identifier: Mr David Crowther

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Nottinghamshire (County)
District: Bassetlaw (District)
Parish or ward: Everton (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SK6791
Four figure Latitude: 53.411567
Four figure longitude: -0.993514
1:25K map: SK6791
1:10K map: SK69SE
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SWYOR
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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