HAMP-14EC75: Early-medieval coin: Penny of Aethelred II

Rights Holder: Winchester Museum Service
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Unique ID: HAMP-14EC75

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete, slightly worn and bent late 10th-century early-medieval silver penny of Aethelred II (978-1016), 'Crux' type, uncertain moneyer and mint (c. 991 - 997 AD; North 770). This coin has been cut down to the inner circle, in some places following the line in varying levels of neatness, in others going beyond the line. The purpose of such reduction is uncertain, although not an isolated occurance (see 'Notes', below).


A number of coins recorded on this database seem to have had deliberate clipping or breaking down to the inner circle. The closest to this example is record BERK-2B6456, a 'Last small cross' type (North 777), with no extant legend. Another 'Last small cross' type (SUR-65D893) has lost around one third of its legend, while a 'Crux' type (KENT-11E076) has lost around three quarters.

Evidence of reuse: cutting


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 991
Date to: AD 997
Period of reuse: EARLY MEDIEVAL

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 12.3 mm
Width: 11.55 mm
Thickness: 0.8 mm
Weight: 0.52 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 18th April 2009

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Robert Webley
Identified by: Mr Robert Webley

Other reference numbers

Other reference: E2654; S4

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Incomplete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Penny
Ruler/issuer: Æthelred the Unready
Category: Coin of the kings of All England 924/5-1066

Type: N 770 (Crux) (Hild. C)
Obverse description: Bust bare-headed facing left; in front, a sceptre
Obverse inscription: Illegible
Reverse description: Voided short cross with 'C/R/V/X' in angles
Reverse inscription: Illegible
Die axis measurement: 12 o'clock
Degree of wear: Hardly worn: extremely fine

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hampshire (County)
District: Basingstoke and Deane (District)
Parish or ward: Sherborne St. John (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU6155
Four figure Latitude: 51.290875
Four figure longitude: -1.126599
1:25K map: SU6155
1:10K map: SU65NW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: NCL-7A88D3
Object type: COIN
Silver, penny, Aethelred II (978-1016), crux type, c.991-997, North 770.
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: NCL-7AF854
Object type: COIN
Silver, Penny, Aethelred II (978-1016), crux type, c.991-997, North 770.
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: DUR-467EB2
Object type: COIN
A silver coin of AEthelred II (AD 978-1016), an example of the Crux type dating to AD 991-997, North Number: 770.
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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