KENT-AFA495: 2009t414 copper-alloy hoard

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HOARD

Unique ID: KENT-AFA495

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A Bronze Age hoard consisting of: 1 x complete axe 9 x fragments of axes 3 x fragments of spear 2 x fragments of blade 16x fragments of ingot 2 x cu alloy rings 3 x cu alloy fragments Potential treasure case, Awaiting report. This case in an addenda to case 2007 T579.

Notes:

Discussion

The Southeastern socketed axe broadly dates the hoard to the Ewart Park metal phase (1000-800 BC) (Needham 1990; Needham et al. 1997). The spearhead fragments, ingot fragments and socketed axe fragments would support this dating of the hoard. It is possible that this originally formed part of a much larger Ewart Park hoard of 62 copper-alloy objects if it is assumed that it was originally deposited with 2007 T579 before being dispersed by later agricultural work.


The placing of apparently scrap metal in the landscape is well documented during this period in Kent even in recent years though Offham lies beyond the traditional concentrations of hoards in east Kent (see Andrew Richardson's summary http://www.finds.org.uk/case_studies/bronze_age_hoards.php). Traditional interpretations see these as metalworkers' reserves stored for later use. However, the failure to recover so many stored metal objects implies that recovery may not always have been the aim. The only association with the hoard consists of two fragments of thick irregular pottery/stone.


Conclusion
Though contextual details are sparse, it is probable that these objects formed a single original deposit or hoard dispersed through the actions of the plough seems very likely. This material is eligible as Treasure under the new Treasure Order (2002) being a base-metal prehistoric find containing two or more metal objects.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Maidstone Museum
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2009T414

Chronology

Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Date from: 1000 BC
Date to: 800 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 36

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 1st July 2009

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Jennifer Jackson
Identified by: Miss Jennifer Jackson
Secondary identifier: Mr Ben Roberts

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2009T414

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Tonbridge and Malling (District)
To be known as: Offham

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: Maidstone Museum

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: Thursday 6th August 2009
Updated: Tuesday 24th January 2012

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