WMID-BDAA38: Early medieval pendant or brooch (front, reverse)

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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BROOCH

Unique ID: WMID-BDAA38

Object type certainty: Possibly
Workflow status: Published Find published

Early-medieval one-piece circular or cross-shaped brooch consisting of a circular plate with a rectangular projection at the top which curls backwards and under to form an integral wire spring. The plate has two angled, oval perforations in the upper part and two corresponding curved edges within the incomplete lower portion of the plate, giving a cross-shaped effect. The plate is slightly concave (probably bent), and broken at the bottom so that one arm of the cross is missing. The spring is broken at the end, which projects downwards below the wound loop; the rest of the pin is missing. The front is decorated with punched ring-and-dot motifs, three on each arm and a quincunx of five in the centre. The reverse is plain and undecorated. The object has a green patina. In addition to the break at the bottom of the object, there are cracks and splits in the three remaining "terminals". The breaks do not appear to be recent. Mass: 3.1g, length: 33mm, width: 27mm, thickness of plate: 1mm; depth (spring): 7.7mm.

This object is a variant of the better-known one-piece lozenge-shaped or strip brooch (Weetch type 31) but as it is cross-shaped it should probably be typed as a Weetch type 28 brooch. It was not included in Weetch 2013 as it was originally recorded as a pendant. It probably dates to the middle Anglo-Saxon period, 8th or 9th century.

Compare CAM-C37AC3, another one-piece or strip brooch with a basically circular form.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Sub class: Weetch type 28

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Middle
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon
Date from: AD 700
Date to: AD 900

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 33 mm
Width: 27 mm
Thickness: 1 mm
Weight: 3.1 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 22nd March 2009

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Duncan Slarke
Identified by: Mr Duncan Slarke
Secondary identifier: Dr Helen Geake

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Staffordshire (County)
District: Lichfield (District)
To be known as: Swinfen and Packington

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 3 months ago

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