SUSS-3809E8: Neolithic polished axehead

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AXEHEAD

Unique ID: SUSS-3809E8

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Incomplete Mid-Late Neolithic (2900-2100BC) chipped and polished flint axehead. The blade end of the axe is complete while the butt end is missing, the general shape and size suggests about a half of the original length remains. The axehead is pointed oval in section, 96.3mm long, 67.5mm wide and 29.9mm thick; it weighs 220 grams. The curved cutting edge is the widest point from which both sides taper gradually towards the butt. Both sides of the axe show chipping, polishing and possibly pecking. Polishing appears to be concentrated at the blade end with the area towards the break almost completely unpolished with just some smoothing of the arrises between flakes. The majority of the 'polished' area is rough with multiple tiny dimples, possibly caused by pecking, with only part of the blade area polished to a high sheen with tiny parallel grooves showing this area was polished down the lengh of the axe rather than transversely. Even in the highly polished areas some deeper flake scars remain. The edges are polished and slightly flattened. There are some probably use-wear chips on the blade. The break towards the butt is rough with a hinge fracture. It mostly shows the same, white patination as the rest of the axe caused by deposition in chalk although one unpatinated area shows there is also modern damage. Areas of cortext towards the break probably indicate natural flaws in the original flint.

Chronology

Broad period: NEOLITHIC
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: NEOLITHIC
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: NEOLITHIC
Date from: 2900 BC
Date to: 2100 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 96.3 mm
Width: 67.5 mm
Thickness: 29.9 mm
Weight: 220 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 1st January 2009

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Laura Burnett
Identified by: Ms Laura Burnett

Materials and construction

Primary material: Flint
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: East Sussex (County)
District: Lewes (District)
Parish or ward: Tarring Neville (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ4404
Four figure Latitude: 50.81765
Four figure longitude: 0.042828
1:25K map: TQ4404
1:10K map: TQ40SW
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Other chance find
General landuse: Grassland, Heathland
Specific landuse: Disturbed

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SUSS
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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