BUC-0EC715: Copper alloy zoomorphic brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: BUC-0EC715

Object type certainty: Probably
Workflow status: Published Find published

Copper-alloy brooch in the shape of a bird, possibly a dove. The bird is in profile looking right, and has a long oval body set horizontally with a head at one end and a triangular tail at the other. Underneath the rounded breast is a single triangular foot. The head has a small down-curved beak. On the reverse are two broken lugs, one with iron staining by the tail (probably the pin lug) and the other by the breast (probably the catchplate). Both are parallel to the (missing) pin.

The original description said that the bird was decorated with a ring-and-dot motif at the top and bottom of the body, but this is not visible on the photograph. What is visible is a white-metal coating over a border of stamped punchmarks. The stamp consists of a pellet inside a triangle and is applied carelessly. The punchmarks date the brooch to the early Anglo-Saxon period, c. 450-600 AD.

The dimensions have been taken from the photograph. Length 40-42mm, width from top of head to bottom of foot 20mm.

It can be compared with BERK-9B6095, KENT-C0D077 and IOW-1F2664. Other examples of bird brooches with horizontal bodies are known from Fairford (MacGregor and Bolick 1993, 154) and Chessell Down (Arnold 1980, 57). They seem to be an English type, not found on the Continent.

Class: bird

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon
Date from: Circa AD 450
Date to: Circa AD 600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 41 mm
Width: 20 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 22nd June 2008

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Sandie Williams
Identified by: Ms Ros Tyrrell

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Stamped

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)
District: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Streatley

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BUC
Created: 10 years ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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