HESH-ABF915: Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age: Spiral Brooch

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: HESH-ABF915

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A cast copper alloy spiral brooch of probable later Bronze Age or early Iron Age date (1000 – 600 BC). The artefact is irregular in plan and cross section. It is formed with a central plate from which two integral cast wires extend. These wires are D shaped in cross section and are turned back upon themselves to form an oval open shape. The two terminals have been hammered to form a square cross-section and then rolled to form circular flat spiral or coil. One arm of the artefact has been distorted by movement in the ploughsoil. The central plate of the artefact is decorated on one face with a series of small notches cut into the external edge of the plate. A number of diagonal scratches are also present, although it is unclear whether there are meant to be decoration or damage through abrasion. The artefact is a mid green colour with an uneven patina. This patina has been abraded in several places, probably through movement in the soil. A light grey surface corrosion is present in places and this is most noticeable on the reverse face of the artefact. Movement has also damaged and distorted the edges and profile. The artefact measures 65.7mm length, has a maximum width of 14.2mm, a minimum thickness of 1.2mm and it weighs 4.07grams. The artefact has been seen by Sally Worrell (National Finds Advisor: Prehistory and Roman periods. She comments that: this artefact type is relatively rare within Britain having a wider distribution pattern in Central and Mediterranean Europe. It can be compared with several examples in Friedrich Laux's 'Die Fibeln in Niedersachsen' especially examples 207, and 211. An example from Colchester of this brooch type can be seen in Brendan O’Connor’s Cross-channel Relations in the later Bronze Age (British Archaeological Reports International Series 91). This report notes that spiral brooches can have either double or quadruple spirals, however double examples are more common. An opinion on this example has been sought from Dr O’Connor; his reply is yet to be received.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: Spiral


Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: IRON AGE
Date from: 1000 BC
Date to: 600 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 65.7 mm
Width: 14.2 mm
Thickness: 1.2 mm
Weight: 4.07 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Peter Reavill
Identified by: Mr Peter Reavill

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Leominster

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 10 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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