LIN-725431: Late Roman silver siliqua

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COIN

Unique ID: LIN-725431

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A late Roman clipped silver siliqua. The coin is probably a contemporary copy of a coin of Arcadius (383-408) struck at Milan, c. 395-402. It quite probably post-dates 402, and perhaps even the end of Roman Britain. RIC X, c.f. 1227; Hoxne, c.f. p. 152, no. 1005ff.

Notes:

There has been much debate about when silver siliquae were clipped. However, analysis of the Terling Hoard suggests a date after AD 404. Some feel that it could have been slightly earlier, after 402, when the mint of Milan ceased to strike siliquae. It might have started in the reign of Constantine III, 407-11, when the Province of Britannia finally collapsed. The clippings were apparently used to make copies of siliquae – of the same quality silver. Well over 100 clipped silver siliquae have been recorded on the PAS database – this has been a crucial addition to our knowledge of late Roman Britain because prior to AD 2000 very few were known as site-finds. This suggests that siliquae circulated as normal currency, possibly for some time after the Roman administration ceased c. AD 410. When one considers that a very large number of bronze coins were found with clipped siliquae in the Bishops Cannings hoard, it is possible that bronze coins also continued to circulate in numbers after 410.

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 395
Date to: Circa AD 410

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 1 mm
Diameter: 12 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 1st January 2008

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Adam Daubney
Identified by: Dr Adam Daubney
Secondary identifier: Dr Sam Moorhead

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Siliqua
Denomination qualifier: Certain
Ruler/issuer: Arcadius
Primary ruler qualifier: Probably
Reece period: Period 21 [388-402]
Obverse description: Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Obverse inscription: (DN ARC) [ ]

Reverse description: Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory on globe and spear
Reverse inscription: (VITVS) (sic) [ROMANORVM]

Die axis measurement: 12 o'clock
Degree of wear: Worn: fine
Reverse mint mark: -//(MDPS)
Status: Contemporary copy
Status qualifier: Probably

Coin references

  • RIC : X c.f. no. 1227

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lincolnshire (County)
District: East Lindsey (District)
To be known as: Cumberworth

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

Similar objects

Find number: ESS-712914
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Roman silver coin: Contemporary copy of a Siliqua of Honorius, prototype minted in Milan, VIRTVS ROMANORVM, 395-402 c.f. RIC vol X, no. 1228;…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: ESS-6928F0
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Heavily clipped, reduced weight silver Roman siliqua, probably House of Theodosius, probably VIRTVS ROMANORVM, probably Trier or Milan, c. 388-402.
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: SOM-8B8912
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Clipped silver siliqua of Arcadius, VIRTVS ROMANORVM, mint uncertain, but probably Milan, probably 395-402. C.f. RIC X, 1227 and Hoxne 717.
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LIN
Created: Wednesday 21st January 2009
Updated: Thursday 24th February 2011

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