SF-1A4104: Early-Medieval Bird Brooch

Rights Holder: Suffolk County Council Archaeology Service
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Rights Holder: Suffolk County Council Archaeology Service
CC License:

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BROOCH

Unique ID: SF-1A4104

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper alloy Late Saxon bird brooch. The brooch is in the shape of a bird of prey and is complete except for the pin. The bird has a triangular tail with moulded decoration to represent the feathers, where the tail joins the body of the bird is a raised transverse moulded band. A short triangular wing projects from the body of the bird above its back, the tip bent (old damage), and again with similar moulding for the feathers. Beneath short legs are two feet, each with four pointed talons, that meet at the base of the brooch creating a circular opening under the body of the bird. On top of a short neck is a head with curved beak, a moulded eye, and three wedge-shaped projections on the top of the head that are moulded to resemble feathers. The back of the brooch is flat and with no decoration, and there is a single integral square lug with circular hole at the tail end. It is possible that a second lug would once have been present on the back of the brooch, however there is no evidence to suggest if or where this may have been attached. The brooch measures 33.35mm in width, 30.50mm in height, and weighs 6.40g.

Parallels for this example can be found in a group of brooches identified by Pedersen (2001: 63-64) with Danish parallels and of eleventh century AD date. In particular, a near identical example is noted from Kenninghall in Norfolk (Pedersen, 2001: 32, fig. 19b), and a similar example is recorded on the PAS database (NMS E7F720) from Beachamwell, Norfolk. These indicate a date in the eleventh century AD for this brooch.

Notes:

Included in Weetch 2013 as catalogue no. 904.

Class: bird
Sub class: Weetch type 30.A

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1000
Date to: Circa AD 1100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 30.5 mm
Width: 33.35 mm
Weight: 6.4 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 1st July 2008

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Andrew Brown
Identified by: Dr Andrew Brown

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Suffolk (County)
District: Suffolk Coastal (District)
To be known as: Aldeburgh

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SF
Created: 10 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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