SF-15B966: Medieval Harness Pendant

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HARNESS PENDANT

Unique ID: SF-15B966

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete Medieval copper alloy heraldic harness pendant with attached swivel arm. The pendant itself is lozenge shaped, the base of which has been bent whilst in the ground, as has the suspension loop at the top which is now at an angle of approximately 45 degrees to the front face of the pendant. The pendant is attached to a short arm, which is oval in section and measures 34.48mm in length, by means of a hinge and copper alloy pin. The arm is bent to an angle of 45 degrees at its centre and at the terminal end flares before rcessing and flaring again to a small, incomplete terminal for attachment. This would presumably have been attached to a larger, more complex harness fitting similar to that illustrated by Cherry from Salisbury (Cherry, 1991: 20, no. 7, fig. 1). The pendant itself may well have acted as one of several revolving flag-shaped banners. The pendant measures 33.29mm in length, 25.56mm in width (41.68mm including arm), and weighs 8.13g. The front face of the pendant is decorated with the remains of a heraldic device. Traces of gilding are apparent on the exterior surfaces of the suspension loop, although the back of the pendant appears to be undecorated. No exact parallels for the arms emblazoned on the pendant have been identified, but Edward Martin (SCC) writes: The arms can be blazoned as: Per fess or and gules, an annulet counterchanged and in chief 2 estoiles of the second. The closest parallel so far for the arms is that of the DE CRIEL family : Party per chevron embowed or and gules, 3 annulets counterchanged (Heralds’ Roll c.1279, 678) Party per fess or and gules [?incomplete] (Dering Roll c.1280, 61) The Criels' main seat was at Eynsford in Kent, but they were also coheirs to lands of the Glanvilles and Aubervilles in south-east Suffolk. Nicholas de Criel sold the manor of Benhall in Suffolk, together with the advowsons of Butley and Leiston priories in 1290. He died in 1303 and was succeeded by another Nicholas who was living in 1313. The arms on the pendant could, possibly, represent a variant version of the family arms or those of a feudally allied family.

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1200
Date from certainty: Certain
Date to: Circa AD 1400
Date to certainty: Certain

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 33.29 mm
Width: 41.68 mm
Weight: 8.13 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 1st July 2008

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Andrew Brown
Identified by: Dr Andrew Brown
Secondary identifier: Edward Martin

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Suffolk (County)
District: Suffolk Coastal (District)
To be known as: Waldringfield

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

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Audit data

Recording Institution: SF
Created: Tuesday 12th August 2008
Updated: Thursday 24th February 2011

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