CPAT-90B154: Neolithic Lithic Blade

Rights Holder: Clywd-Powys Archaeological Trust
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Unique ID: CPAT-90B154

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

This is a particularly interesting example of a tertiary lithic tool, or interior flake, lacking as it does any sign of the cortex. The material is opaque mottled pale cream and has a fine microcrystalline structure with apparent mineral inclusions; the surface has the waxy lustre of chalcedony. The ventral surface exhibits a delaminated or, exfoliation area which may be the result of a fault within the structure of the material. It has a longitudinal length of approximately 2.5 times its width and may thus be considered a ‘blade’. Due to the relative 'bluntness' of the back section, the object may also be reasonably be classified as a ‘Backed Blade’. At the proximal end, there is a weak bulb of percussion with percussion scars and some limited evidence of rippling running down the ventral surface to the stepped termination, at the distal end (it may be that the distal end was pointed but has been lost sometime in the past). The cutting edge, which is slightly concave in profile, shows evidence of conchoidal and snap fractures to both dorsal and ventral surfaces, perhaps due to retouch or use. There is macro edge wear to the length of the blade. The dorsal surface has three parallel-collateral flaking surfaces with associated arrises, or ridges, running down the length of the tool. Of greater interest is the notch on the upper edge of the blade at the distal end. This ‘notch’ appears to have been deliberately worked, as evidenced by the concoidal fractures on the dorsal side. This notch (if not an attachment feature, which seems improbable) may serve two purposes; it fits very well into the right hand as an added grip to a reverse cutting action for the blade, it would also make a very good scraper for a thin round section wood, the measured diameter of the circle is approximately 13mm. Looking at the edge to the top of the blade, it is evident that a section has been lost due to snap fractures. That edge which remains, has an edge angle that would provide a good scraping tool. One final thought, if the distal end was terminated in a point, it may have served as a graver. Thus we may have the Neolithic equivalent of the Swiss Army Knife in one tool!


Broad period: NEOLITHIC
Period from: NEOLITHIC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 61 mm
Width: 25 mm
Weight: 14.5 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 20th May 2008

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Rod Trevaskus
Identified by: Mr Rod Trevaskus

Materials and construction

Primary material: Flint
Completeness: Uncertain

Spatial metadata

Region: Wales (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Powys (Unitary Authority)
District: Powys (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Newtown and Llanllwchaiarn (Community)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO0991
Four figure Latitude: 52.509269
Four figure longitude: -3.342244
1:25K map: SO0991
1:10K map: SO09SE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Fieldwalking
Discovery circumstances: Mark One eyeball
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Audit data

Recording Institution: CPAT
Created: 11 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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