ESS-712914: ESS-712914 Roman coin: Siliqua of Honorius

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Unique ID: ESS-712914

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Roman silver coin: Contemporary copy of a Siliqua of Honorius, prototype minted in Milan, VIRTVS ROMANORVM, 395-402 c.f. RIC vol X, no. 1228; Hoxne, c.f. no. 1048ff. It has been slightly clipped.


There were at least 85 copies of this type in the Hoxne Hoard. There has been much debate about when silver siliquae were clipped. However, analysis of the Terling Hoard suggests a date after AD 404. Some feel that it could have been slightly earlier, after 402, when the mint of Milan ceased to strike siliquae. It might have started in the reign of Constantine III, 407-11, when the Province of Britannia finally collapsed. The clippings were apparently used to make copies of siliquae, such as this coin – of the same quality silver. Over 100 clipped silver siliquae have been recorded on the PAS database – this has been a crucial addition to our knowledge of late Roman Britain because prior to AD 2000 very few were known as site-finds. This suggests that siliquae circulated as normal currency, possibly for some time after the Roman administration ceased c. AD 410. When one considers that a very large number of bronze coins were found with clipped siliquae in the Bishops Cannings hoard, it is possible that bronze coins also continued to circulate in numbers after 410.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: AD 395
Date to: AD 402

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 0.94 mm
Diameter: 15 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 8th February 2008

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Laura McLean
Identified by: Laura McLean
Secondary identifier: Dr Sam Moorhead

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Finder ID 054-C0010

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Siliqua
Denomination qualifier: Certain
Ruler/issuer: Honorius (emperor)
Primary ruler qualifier: Certain
Reece period: Period 21 [388-402]
Mint or issue place: Mediolanum
Mint qualifier: Certain
Obverse inscription: D N H[O]NOR[I] - VS P F AVG

Reverse description: Roma seated left, holding victory on globe and spear
Reverse inscription: VIRTVS ROMANORVM

Die axis measurement: 11 o'clock
Degree of wear: Worn: fine
Reverse mint mark: -//MDPS
Status: Clipped
Status qualifier: Certain

Coin references

  • RIC : X c.f. 1228

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Essex (County)
District: Chelmsford (District)
To be known as: Great Waltham CP

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: ESS
Created: 10 years ago
Updated: 7 years ago

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