ESS-0A8B65: ESS-0A8B65 Early Medieval (Anglo-Saxon) Cloisonne Brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: ESS-0A8B65

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Early Medieval (10th to 11th century, Late Anglo-Saxon) cloisonné brooch. Cast in copper alloy the brooch is circular in plan with seven lobes around the circumference. The upper surface of the brooch has a projecting circular border set at a 90 degree angle to the plate to create a deep recess for the cloisonné decoration. This border is formed of three elements, the outer and inner element are plain rings, while the recess between the two has an applied copper alloy wire which may have formed a rope-work design, however not enough survives to determine the exact decorative style. The central circular setting is filled with copper alloy wire cells arranged in a cross motif, with a central rectangular setting. The cross is infilled with a dark blue enamel. Two of the opposing quadrants within the circle are filled with a light blue enamel, and the other two quadrants and central rectangle are filled with white enamel. The surrounding lobes are cast with a central circular recess to hold an enamelled (or glass) setting - only one of the lobes contains the setting, which is globular, and red-brown in colour. The reverse of the brooch has the remains of a hinge and catchplate. Cloisonné brooches were usually gilded, however there is no gilt surviving on the surface of this brooch. The enamelled setting survives in a remarkable condition, with only a small amount of the dark blue and white enamel missing. The metal has a dark green patina, however most of the surface is pitted and begining to corrode. The brooch measures 24.55mm in diameter including the lobes, 19.69mm in diameter excluding the lobes. The enamelled design has a diameter of 14.87mm. It is 5.25mm thick across the central design, increasing to 7.55mm to include the incomplete reverse lugs, while the lobes are 2.81mm thick with the setting and 2.36mm thick without the setting. The brooch weighs 5.29 grams.

Class: cloisonné enamelled (Weetch Type 20)
Sub class: Saunderton type (Weetch Type 20.A)

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 950
Date to: Circa AD 1100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 5.29 g
Diameter: 24.55 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st February 2008

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Laura McLean
Identified by: Laura McLean

Other reference numbers

Other reference: CHMER 5028

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Enamel
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Essex (County)
District: Braintree (District)
To be known as: Black Botley CP

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: ESS
Created: 10 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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