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Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published


This report concerns a find of 178 silver pennies. The coins were found on four separate occasions between April 20th, 2008 and April 15th, 2009.

All of the coins were found with metal detectors, spread around a single field and found between 50mm and 300mm in depth. The distribution is consistent with a single hoard, dispersed by ploughing. Coins of Henry I (1100-35) are rare at the best of times, and the facts that all of the coins are of a single type and that there is no other recorded evidence of Norman activity on the site all points towards the interpretation of all the coins as a single hoard, deposited towards the end of the reign of Henry I, although the exact dating of BMC type xv remains a matter of debate. All of the coins are silver pennies, although six of them have been cut in half for use of halfpennies. One of the halfpennies and two of the pennies are partially fragmented, to varying degrees.

A list of mints represented in the hoard:

London, Bury St Edmunds, Canterbury, Chester, Exeter, Gloucester, Hereford, Ipswich, Lincoln, Northampton, Norwich, Oxford, Thetford, Winchester, York, Uncertain

The coins have not been subjected to metallurgical analysis, as there is sufficient existing data to indicate that all coins of this period are of good silver, well above the threshold of 10% stipulated by the Treasure Act (1996). There is no evidence associated with the find from which the original ownership of the hoard can be traced. On all the key criteria, therefore, it is my recommendation that this should be considered as a prima facie case of Treasure under the terms of the Treasure Act (1996).

Gareth Williams
Curator of Early Medieval Coinage
The British Museum

A fuller catalogue is available on request.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Fitzwilliam Museum
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2008T271


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1100
Date to: Circa AD 1135

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 178

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 20th April 2008

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mrs Liz Andrews-Wilson
Identified by:

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2008T271

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: North Yorkshire (County)
District: Harrogate (District)
To be known as: Knaresborough Area

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: Fitzwilliam Museum
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: YORYM
Created: 10 years ago
Updated: 7 years ago

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