SOM-F71D03: Roman Coin: Siliqua of Gratian

Rights Holder: Somerset County Council
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COIN

Unique ID: SOM-F71D03

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Silver siliqua of Gratian, VIRTVS ROMANORVM, mint uncertain, 379-83. Clipped. c.f. RIC Trier 58a and Hoxne 422

Notes:

It is most likely that this coin was struck at Trier. Most of the VIRTVS ROMANORVM coins of Gratian in the Hoxne Hoard were from Trier. There has been much debate about when silver siliquae were clipped. However, analysis of the Terling Hoard suggests a date after AD 404. Some feel that it could have been slightly earlier, after 402, when the mint of Milan ceased to strike siliquae. It might have started in the reign of Constantine III, 407-11, when the Province of Britannia finally collapsed. The clippings were apparently used to make copies of siliquae – of the same quality silver. Over 100 silver siliquae have been recorded on the PAS database – this has been a crucial addition to our knowledge of late Roman Britain because prior to AD 2000 very few were known as site-finds. This suggests that siliquae circulated as normal currency, possibly for some time after the Roman administration ceased c. AD 410. When one considers that a very large number of bronze coins were found with clipped siliquae in the Bishops Cannings hoard, it is possible that bronze coins also continued to circulate in numbers after 410.

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: Post AD 379
Date to: Ante AD 383

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 1.32 g
Diameter: 14.1 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 3rd November 2007

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Naomi Payne
Identified by: Dr Naomi Payne
Secondary identifier: Dr Sam Moorhead

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Entry 020210

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Incomplete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Siliqua
Denomination qualifier: Certain
Ruler/issuer: Gratian
Primary ruler qualifier: Certain
Reece period: Period 20 [378-388]
Mint or issue place: Trier
Mint qualifier: Probably
Obverse description: Draped and cuirassed bust with pearl diadem, right
Obverse inscription: DN GRATI[A-N]VS PF AVG

Reverse description: Roma seated facing, heaf left, on throne holding globe and reversed spear (Hoxne type A)
Reverse inscription: [VI]RTVS RO-MANO[RVM]

Die axis measurement: 12 o'clock
Degree of wear: Worn: fine
Reverse mint mark: Illegible cue to clipping
Status: Clipped
Status qualifier: Certain

Coin references

  • RIC : IX c.f. Trier 58a

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Somerset (County)
District: West Somerset (District)
To be known as: Stogursey

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 10 years ago
Updated: 7 years ago

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