NMGW-A9D678: Roman Bow brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: NMGW-A9D678

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Roman copper alloy bow brooch of T-shaped, applied hook type (Hull's Group 7) and probably of mid to late 1st century date The brooch is incomplete, missing the spring, wing terminals, foot and catch-plate (with a length of 59.3mm and a weight of 19.6g). The missing spring was likely to have been coiled around an axis bar and secured by lugs at the wing terminals (Polden Hill type arrangement) and with the chord secured by the copper alloy sheet at the head. The damaged wings (with a surviving width of 29.5mm) are decorated with vertical ribbing. The rear of the head has a V-shaped cut at its base. The head has a damaged applied plate, riveted through the bow in two places. The plate (with a surviving length of 17.3mm, a width of 7.0mm, and a thickness of 0.6mm) would have been seated in a recess at the top of the head. The bow (with a width of 14.0mm and a thickness of 6.0mm near the head) is hollow with an open back. The front of the bow has a concave border each side of the applied hook. The sides of the bow are straight, converging towards the foot and are angled inwards towards the rear. The rear opening converges and closes above the beginning of the catch-plate. The leg of the brooch is decorated with a central raised rib, flanked on each side by an undulating rib in sunk relief, before the concave borders. The damage pattern to the catch-plate may suggest a perforated design. The brooch has variable surface preservation with a dark-green patina.

Notes:

Applied Hook brooches are seen as the initial development of British-made brooches with a distribution centred around Dorset and Somerset (Bayley & Butcher, 2004, p 157) .

Class: T-shaped
Sub class: Applied Hook

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: IRON AGE
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: AD 25
Date to: AD 100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 59.3 mm
Width: 29.5 mm
Thickness: 6 mm
Weight: 19.6 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 1st January 2007

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Sian Williams
Identified by: Mr Mark Lodwick

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NMWPA 2007.170

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Wales (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: the Vale of Glamorgan (Unitary Authority)
District: the Vale of Glamorgan (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Dinas Powys (Community)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: ST1371
Four figure Latitude: 51.431299
Four figure longitude: -3.252867
1:25K map: ST1371
1:10K map: ST17SW
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1000 metre square.

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Bayley, J. and Butcher, S. 2004 Roman Brooches in Britain: A Technological and Typological Study Based on the Richborough Collection London The Society of Antiquaries

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMGW
Created: 11 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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