BH-6D69E7: Roman spatula handle in the form of Minerva

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Unique ID: BH-6D69E7

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A copper-alloy wax spatula handle of Roman date. More than twenty examples of this category of artefact - which depicts the goddess Minerva - have been recorded on the PAS database, some of which are listed below. Worrell (2003) and Crummy (2004) suggest a date of 2nd to early 3rd century date.

The handle takes the form a three-dimensional bust and is a typical example of its type. The facial features are worn, but the recessed elliptical eyes and the wide, open mouth are visible. The figure wears a high-crested helmet at the base of which is a rim or projecting hair. The neck is slender and extends smoothly into the inverted trapezoidal torso, upon which there is a Medusa aegis (bearing a worn head of Medusa). On the back of the torso two inverted chevron-shaped grooves represent the neckline of a garment. At the base of the aegis is a transverse slot, into which the remainder of the tool would have origianlly fitted.

Apart from wear associated with use, the object is in reasonable condition and has little corrosion. It measures 39.4mm high, 12mm wide and 15.5mm deep. The weight is 11.26g.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: Feugère type A5
Sub class: Minerva

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 100
Date to: Circa AD 250

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 39.4 mm
Width: 12 mm
Thickness: 15.5 mm
Weight: 11.26 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 10th January 2008

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: Ver 08/6 - 10

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: South Oxfordshire (District)
To be known as: South Oxfordshire

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Crummy, N. 2002 Wax spatula handle from Yorkshire Online Roman Finds Group
Worrell, S. 2003 More Minerva bust wax spatula handles

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Find number: WAW-EC8F22
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Roman (2nd to early 3rd century) spatula handle: The copper alloy handle, which has been cast is in the form of a a three-dimensional bust. T…
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Find number: BERK-15DBA0
Object type: SPATULA
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A cast copper alloy Roman wax spatula handle depicting the goddess Minerva. The handle takes the form a three-dimensional bust and is a typic…
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Find number: DEN-3907E8
Object type: SPATULA
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An incomplete copper-alloy wax spatula handle of Feugère Type A5, in the form of a helmeted figure of the goddess Minerva. The face is quite…
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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BH
Created: 14 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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