BUC-46FDD8: Roman coin

Rights Holder: Buckinghamshire County Council
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Unique ID: BUC-46FDD8

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Copper alloy nummus of Magnentius, 350-3, mint unclear, SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES, large Chi-Rho between alpha and omega. The coin was struck c. 352-3.


This is one of the first coins to have an exclusive Christian reverse design. The Chi-Rho represents the first two letters of Christ’s name in Greek. The Alpha and the Omega on either side refer to Christ being the beginning and the end. Hence in the Book of Revelation: ‘I am the beginning and the end’. These coins had no silver content and were outlawed by decree in 354. Sometimes, smaller coins were made by cutting discs out of these pieces.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: retained by finder
Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: AD 352
Date to: AD 353

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 2.49 g
Diameter: 19.32 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 4th November 2007

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mrs Jennifer Moss
Identified by: Ms Ros Tyrrell

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Nummus (AE 1 - AE 4)
Ruler/issuer: Magnentius
Primary ruler qualifier: Certain
Reece period: Period 18 [348-364]
Obverse description: Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed r.
Obverse inscription: D N MAGNEN-TIVS P F AVG

Reverse description: Chi-Rho between Alpha and Omega
Reverse inscription: [SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES]

Degree of wear: Hardly worn: extremely fine

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Buckinghamshire (County)
District: Aylesbury Vale (District)
To be known as: Quarrendon

Spatial coordinates

Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Weekend Wanderers event at Quarrendon
Current location: retained by finder
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BUC
Created: 11 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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