HESH-3A6F76: Roman; Bead / Toggle

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: HESH-3A6F76

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Cast copper alloy bead of probable late Iron Age or Early Roman date (50BC-200AD). The bead is cylindrical and cast in one piece with a moulded exterior surface. This decoration is broadly symmetrical with three centrally positioned circumferential beaded ribs which give the impression of rope like pattern. Either side of these central ribs the bead expands / swells and then contracts forming a large swollen ring. At either terminal are raised bands similar to the central circumferential ribs which are similarly decorated. The interior of the bead is plain and undecorated. The bead is a mid green grey colour with a relatively complete but abraded patina. There is no evidence of active corrosion, but abrasion has removed much of the patina in places which has affected the survival of the decorative design. The bead measures 13.3mm diameter and is 14.4mm wide, the metal of the bead is 1.9mm thick and the internal diameter is 10.4mm. It weighs 4.79 grams. A direct parallel for this bead has not been found. In shape it is similar to some late Iron Age toggles, however it is also very similar to examples of Roman spacer beads, hence the date range given here. In all likelihood this bead is most likely to date from the early Roman period (50-150 AD) as much of the decorative metalwork in Wales and the Marches has a distinctly Iron Age ‘Celtic’ decorative form.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: IRON AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: IRON AGE
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: 50 BC
Date to: AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 14.4 mm
Thickness: 1.9 mm
Weight: 4.79 g
Diameter: 13.3 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Peter Reavill
Identified by: Mr Peter Reavill

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Ross-on-Wye

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 11 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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