DENO-64DAE1: Roman coin; aureus of Carausius, Concordia Milit reverse

Rights Holder: Derby Museums Trust
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COIN

Unique ID: DENO-64DAE1

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

CURATOR'S REPORT

Description of find

Roman coin; struck gold aureus of Carausius (286-293), Rouen mint. Found in association with DENO-651C91.

Gold Aureus (19/21mm; 4.70g; Die Axis 6) Rouen
Obv. Laureate bust of emperor facing right, looking glum. IMP CARAVSIVS AVG
Rev. Draped figure of the emperor on the left, facing right, shaking hands with the draped figure of Concordia on the right, facing left. CONCORDIA MILIT Mint mark VM in exergue

Reference: RIC 624; Huvelin 3-5

The coins

Both the coins were struck in the reign of Carausius (AD 286-93), one at the mint of London, the other the mint of Rouen. Gold coins of Carausius are extremely rare, these two specimens increasing the corpus of Huvelin from 23 to 25 - 15 for London and 10 for Rouen.[1]

This coin has the same obverse and reverse dies as Huvelin nos. 3-5. Huvelin no. 3 is in the British Museum (4.54g) and is more worn. Huvelin no. 4 was originally described by William Stukeley in 1759 and is now in Berlin. Huvelin no. 5 was sold in the Evans Sale of 1934 (lot 1836) and its whereabouts is unknown. These coins also share the same obverse dies with Huvelin nos. 1-2 and the same reverse dies as Huvelin nos. 6-7.

From the same find?

Both coins were found at the same spot. It is likely that they were deposited together as gold coins in ancient and medieval times were extremely valuable items and would be highly unlikely to have been dropped accidentally. (At this time a Roman soldier might expect to be paid an annual salary of 12 gold coins).

Metal content?

Although there were some quite debased gold coins struck in the 3rd century AD, these pieces appear to be of good quality gold, probably over 90% pure at least. More is known about Carausius' silver coinage which was of a high fineness.

Conclusion

On the balance of probabilities, therefore, I conclude that these coins belong together as a hoard and constitute a prima facie case of treasure by being precious metal coins of an antiquity greater than 300 years and are of one find of more than two pieces.

Sam Moorhead Dept. of Portable Antiquities and Treasure British Museum 29 January 2008

Notes:

[1] 4 of the coins in Huvelin's corpus were struck by Carausius in the name of Maximian (Huvelin nos. 20-3)

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Derby Museum & Art Gallery
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2007T709

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: AD 286
Date to: AD 293

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 1.6 mm
Weight: 4.71 g
Diameter: 19.7 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 1st November 2007 - Thursday 15th November 2007

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Anja Rohde
Identified by: Miss Anja Rohde
Secondary identifier: Dr Sam Moorhead

Other reference numbers

Other reference: DERBY E5986; DERBY EXIT 2743; Treasure 2007 T709
Treasure case number: 2007T709

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Aureus (Republic/Empire)
Denomination qualifier: Certain
Ruler/issuer: Carausius
Primary ruler qualifier: Certain
Reece period: Period 14 [275-296]
Mint or issue place: Rotomagus
Mint qualifier: Certain
Obverse description: Laureate bust of emperor facing right, looking glum.
Obverse inscription: IMP CARAVSIVS AVG

Reverse description: Draped male figure on the left, facing right, shaking hands with a draped female figure on the right, facing left.
Reverse inscription: CONCORDIA MILIT

Die axis measurement: 6 o'clock
Degree of wear: Slightly worn: very fine
Reverse mint mark: VM

Coin references

  • RIC : 624

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Derbyshire (County)
District: Derbyshire Dales (District)
To be known as: Ashbourne Area

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Building work
Discovery circumstances: Found in the backfilled spoil from a building excavation.
Current location: Derby Museum & Art Gallery
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: In use as a building

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Huvelin, H. 1985 Classement et chronologie du monnayage d France Revue Numismatique

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: DENO
Created: 11 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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