HAMP-266E40: Roman coin: Republican denarius (Caesar)

Rights Holder: Winchester Museum Service
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Unique ID: HAMP-266E40

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A worn 1st-century BC Roman silver Republican denarius struck by C. Julius Caesar, 'CAESAR' (Aeneas), struck at the African mint in c. 48 BC (Sydenham 1013; R.R.C. 458/1). The somewhat elongated flan has not been trimmed to the outer circles.


There were 390 obverse dies and 433 reverse dies for this coin which means it was a significant issue. There are five specimens in the British Museum (BMCRR East 31-5). Caesar's family claims descent from Venus. Aeneas was used in Roman mythology to connect Troy with Rome, a few years later to be immortalised in Virgil's Aeneid which was written in Augustus' reign (27BC-AD14).

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: Circa 48 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 19.5 mm
Width: 17.5 mm
Thickness: 2.05 mm
Weight: 3.5 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 1st April 2007

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Robert Webley
Identified by: Mr Robert Webley

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Denarius serratus (Roman Republic)
Denomination qualifier: Certain
Ruler/issuer: Republic
Primary ruler qualifier: Certain
Reece period: Period 1 [Pre AD 41]
Mint or issue place: African Mint
Mint qualifier: Certain
Obverse description: Bust of Venus diademed, facing right
Obverse inscription: None

Reverse description: Aeneas walking left bearing Anchises (his father) on his shoulders and the Palladium (statue of Pallas-Athena) in his left hand
Reverse inscription: CAESAR

Die axis measurement: 6 o'clock
Degree of wear: Hardly worn: extremely fine
Republican moneyer: Iulius Caesar, C.
RRC Identifier: RRC 458/1

Coin references

  • RRC : 458/1 (p. 471)

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hampshire (County)
District: Test Valley (District)
Parish or ward: Little Somborne (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU3835
Four figure Latitude: 51.113039
Four figure longitude: -1.458527
1:25K map: SU3835
1:10K map: SU33NE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: 11 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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