HAMP-9B6151: Early medieval disc brooch in the Kentish 'keystone' style

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BROOCH

Unique ID: HAMP-9B6151

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete, gilded cast copper-alloy imitation of a Kentish 'keystone garnet' disc brooch of c. 6th-century date. The brooch has lost its pin and has suffered some removals from its edge.

It is the size of an Avent (1975) Class 2 brooch, while bearing the more simple ornament of the smaller Class 1. The central raised setting is a simple circle (Dia.: 8.1mm) (Avent (1975, 81; Fig. 8) Type 1.1), now empty. At the cardinal points are four triangular keystone settings with their points inwards (Avent (1975, 80; Fig. 5, Type 5.1). All four contain fragments of what is probably red glass (or possibly poor quality garnet). Behind, within the settings, is possible criss-cross gold foil, used to help reflect light, although it is difficult to discern. The 'chip-carved' ornament between the keystone settings is formed of a single triangle with rounded central apex with a ring-and-dot within, representing a very simplified Style I animal head. This decoration is similar to that of Class 1 brooches, which have Style I heads only, but the form of the head is closer to those of Avent Class 2 (e.g. Avent 1975, fig. 11, p.84; ref. 7.5), but without the accompanying, adjacent ornament. The whole is found within a raised border, outside of which is inverted Avent Type 15, 'S-shaped' rim decoration (1975, 79; Fig. 4).

The plain, flat reverse face features a double perforated pin lug at one end with an abraded catchplate opposite. Iron corrosion concretions survive within the pin lug. These fasteners are not aligned to the keystones (see Image, right). The brooch has corroded to different hues: the reverse is grey, the upper surface green, with reds towards the circumference. Gilding survives within the recesses on the upper surfaces.

The decoration on this brooch seems very much to be a mixture of that on the Kentish brooches of Avent's Classes 1 and 2. Further such brooches imitative of Kentish precious metal brooches have been recorded on this database to the west, in Wiltshire - WILT-F561A1, WILT-30B2F5 - with another on the Hampshire/Wiltshire border - WILT-6F2B84.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: keystone

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon
Date from: Circa AD 525
Date to: Circa AD 600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 4.1 mm
Weight: 12.85 g
Diameter: 32.65 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 13th June 2007

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Robert Webley
Identified by: Mr Robert Webley

Other reference numbers

Other reference: E2151; UKDFD Ref. No. - 6109

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Glass
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hampshire (County)
District: Winchester (District)
Parish or ward: Wonston (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU4739
Four figure Latitude: 51.148339
Four figure longitude: -1.329445
1:25K map: SU4739
1:10K map: SU43NE
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: 11 years ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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