WAW-BA8194: Mesolithic to Neolithc Pebble Mace or Hammer (plan, reverse and profile).

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: WAW-BA8194

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Mesolithic to Neolithic stone pebble hammer or mace head. The pebble hammer is sub-triangular in both plan and an elongated pointed oval in profile. The pebble, identified by Dr. Jon Radley (Warwickshire Museum) is a hard sandstone, probably quartz-cemented. Due to the 'hardness' it resembles a 'Bunter quartzite' pebble. These are river worn pebbles of hard sandstone that are widely distributed throughout the Midlands. The pebble is a mottled yellow/brown colour and is smooth. It is probable that the shape of the pebble has been augmented by polishing. The central shaft hole is a wide hour-glass in profile and has probably been drilled. The hole measure: 28.27mm diameter at its narrowest and 40.53mm deep. The pebble hammer measures 107.86mm length, is a maximum of 101.26mm wide, is 40.53 mm thick and weighs 521 grams. The uncertain tool type and large date range is due to problems in assigning this artefact a specific class. It is most likely that this artefact belongs to the class of pebble hammer which dates to the Mesolithic period, 8,300 to 4,500 BC. Several other pebble hammers have been recorded with the PAS, some are partial hammers which may be intentional see record numbers: LEIC-AEE484, LEIC-F62A78, NLM-9A7147, LIN-DE2AC7, LIN-DD9004, SF-6697D5, and LVPL-964068 , SF8841, SF3669 and HESH-191F76.

Class: Pebble

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MESOLITHIC
Period from: MESOLITHIC
Period to: NEOLITHIC
Date from: Circa 8300 BC
Date to: Circa 4500 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 107.86 mm
Width: 101.26 mm
Thickness: 40.53 mm
Weight: 521 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Angie Bolton
Identified by: Ms Angie Bolton
Secondary identifier: Mr Phil Watson

Materials and construction

Primary material: Stone
Manufacture method: Knapped/flaked
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Warwickshire (County)
District: Stratford-on-Avon (District)
Parish or ward: Arrow with Weethley (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SP0554
Four figure Latitude: 52.18422649
Four figure longitude: -1.92828629
1:25K map: SP0554
1:10K map: SP05SE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Gardening
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Garden

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WAW
Created: 11 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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