SF3889: Early-medieval cruciform brooch

Rights Holder: Suffolk County Council
CC License:

Rights Holder: Suffolk County Council
CC License:

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Unique ID: SF3889

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Large and near-complete copper-alloy cruciform brooch. The top knob is cast integrally with the headplate, and has a rectangular moulding at the junction which is decorated with longitudinal grooves. There is then a narrowed waist and a rounded knob above; the knob also has an integral terminal with relief Style I decoration of a face with V-shaped brow, two pellet eyes, a blob for a nose and a curling moustache (or possibly cheek) to either side. The side knobs are both missing. The headplate flares very slightly towards the bow and has a line of stamps down each edge; one row of stamps is obscured by a modern scrape which has exposed the metal. The wings have concave upper and lower edges. On the reverse the pin bar lug is obscured by substantial surviving iron corrosion from the pin bar and the coiled spring.

The bow has a short rectangular-sectioned area to top and bottom, and in between is faceted; the top is worn. The foot begins with a flat panel with a lappet to either side, one now incomplete. The complete lappet has engraved Style I decoration of a predatory bird's head, embellished with C-shaped stamps. The flat panel ends in a double moulding with worn grooves on the top of each moulding, and side notches in between; on the reverse is a catchplate with substantial iron corrosion from the end of the pin, showing that it was buried in a closed position. The horse's head terminal has a deep brow, two pellet eyes, scrolled comma-shaped nostrils embellished with annulet stamps, and a spatulate terminal outlined with similar stamps. One of the outer corners of the spatulate terminal is missing, but the other has a Style I predatory bird's head with headframe decorated with more annulet stamps. The terminal as a whole is battered and corroded.

Early Anglo-Saxon, 6th century AD.

This object was found with several others that indicate the presence of an early Anglo-Saxon cemetery.

Class: cruciform


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon
Date from: Circa AD 500
Date to: Circa AD 600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 140 mm
Width: 43 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 29th October 2000

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Helen Geake
Identified by: Dr Helen Geake

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Suffolk (County)
District: Suffolk Coastal (District)
To be known as: SUFFOLK BLAXHALL

Spatial coordinates

Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: rally organised by Ken Willcox, ECS
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SF
Created: 18 years ago
Updated: 6 years ago

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