HESH-5EA303: Neolithic Debitage: Reworked flint flake / debitage probably dating from the Neolithic period (3500 – 2100 BC)

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: HESH-5EA303

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Reworked flint flake / debitage probably dating from the Neolithic period (3500 – 2100 BC). The flake is irregular in both plan (broadly T shaped) and profile. The bulb of percussion is complete on the reverse and shows that he flake has been removed with a transverse blow. The flake is likely to have been produced in the secondary phase of working as a small area of cortex (the outer rind like skin of the nodule) is present along one edge. The reason for removing this flake from the original tool is likely to be due to a flaw in the flint which has resulted in an area of hinge fracturing (small irregular areas where the energy from the blow causes the flint to fracture). Subsequent to the initial flaking this waste flake has been reworked. Evidence for this can be seen in the small regular shallow scars which show retouch to both faces of the flint. It is possible that the flake may have been used as a crude and poorly made awl. The broad T shape of the flake would seem to also suggest this. However the piercing point is both blunt and poorly defined. The flint is a mid grey colour and has been slightly abraded in the ploughsoil. The flake measures 32.5mm length, 25.6mm width, is 5.2mm thick and weighs 3.68 grams. Flint tools from the Marches are relatively rare compared to other areas of the country. This flint is likely to have come from a riverine or glacial source if made locally as a large scale natural flint source does not exist in the county. The flake is most likely to have been used as a crude awl.

Class: Awl

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: NEOLITHIC
Period from: NEOLITHIC
Date from: 3500 BC
Date to: 2100 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 32.5 mm
Width: 25.6 mm
Thickness: 5.2 mm
Weight: 3.68 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Peter Reavill
Identified by: Mr Peter Reavill

Materials and construction

Primary material: Flint
Manufacture method: Knapped/flaked
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Mordiford (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO5739
Four figure Latitude: 52.04771346
Four figure longitude: -2.62842435
1:25K map: SO5739
1:10K map: SO53NE
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Gardening
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Garden

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 12 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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