LEIC-9C94D1: Roman silver crossbow brooch

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:


Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

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BROOCH

Unique ID: LEIC-9C94D1

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Roman silver crossbow brooch, 70mm long and 46.5mm wide. The brooch is in good condition with a good silver patina and a weight of 52.8 grams. The foot is 35mm long, 9mm wide and 6mm thick with a semi-circular section. It is open all the way down one side to accommodate the pin, which is 36mm long (10mm sits inside the catch). The front of the foot is decorated with two incised parallel lines which run its length on a slight diagonal axis. Either side of this are four slightly raised triangular areas which are decorated with a V shaped incision, flaring out towards the edge. The bow, which is 30mm long, 13mm deep and 4mm wide, emerges from a sub rectangular plate (10mm wide, 7mm high and 2mm thick) which sits 4mm above the surface of the foot. The bow has a triangular section and is decorated on its sides only with the same pattern as the foot. This time the incised line is placed on the lower, or thicker, edge of the bow and the triangles flare out towards the front of the brooch. The bow sits on a 'stepped' cross bar which is largely rectangular in form but which has a semi-spherical protrusion which rises up to meet the bow and accommodates the central knobbed terminal. The rectangular portion of the cross bar is 24mm long, 5mm thick and 6mm wide at each end, widening to 11 where it joins the bow. The terminals, one positioned at each end of the crossbar and one on top of its centre, are formed of 'squashed spheres' with a small protruding knob in their outer centre. Each one measures 11mm in diameter and is 7mm deep. They all have two parallel incised lines running around their circumference, which have been roughly executed. The two terminals on the bar also have a raised collar, 2mm thick and 9mm in diameter, where they join the rectangular bar. All three terminals are integral and the pin, which has a pierced sub rectangular head, has been attached by drilling through the cross bar and inserting a rod. This has been fixed in place by hammering the rod to form a knob on each terminal. To create the void in the crossbow to accommodate the pin, the maker has filed an off centre slot in its reverse, 2mm wide and 6mm deep. In so doing they have also filed out a portion of the terminal above.

Notes:

The brooch matches Prottel type 3/4 Disclaimed Treasure case 2006 T243.

Class: crossbow

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder after being disclaimed as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2006T243

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: AD 325
Date to: AD 410

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 70 mm
Width: 46.5 mm
Weight: 52.8 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 1st January 2006

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2006T243

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Leicestershire (County)
District: Charnwood (District)
To be known as: Charnwood

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Swift, E. 2000 Regionality in dress accessories in the late Roman West Montagnac Editions Monique Mergoil 14

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LEIC
Created: 15 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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