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Unique ID: NMGW3384

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Perforated biconical lead, or lead alloy weight. Although the weight's surface is corroded, both sides are visibly decorated with either a chevron or diagonal criss-cross design. On one side the design is also punctuated by a number of bosses. As well as the central perforation, one side of the weight is perforated by a second circular vois which connects with the central perforation. It is uncertain whether this second perforation is a deliberate feature or casting flaw. Maximum diameter 24.5-25mm, height 15.5mm, diameter of central perforation 7-9mm, diameter of secondary perforation 4.5mm, weight 32.3 grams.


The function of lead weights such as this is not certain. Conventionally, they are identified as spindle whorls and certainly they could have performed such a function (i.e. Egan 1998, 259-61, nos.803-804, fig.203); however, they have also been variously identified as unofficial weights used by traders or weights for other purposes such as weighing down rabbiting, bird or fishing nets or even wall hangings (Margeson 1993, 139; Bailey 1995b, 29). Dating of perforated lead weights is difficult as they were manufactured and used from the Roman period until the nineteenth century.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: AD 43
Date to: AD 1900

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 15.5 mm
Weight: 32.3 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 1st January 1996

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by:
Identified by:

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NMGWPA: 2001.82.33

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead
Manufacture method: Cast

Spatial metadata

Region: Wales (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: the Vale of Glamorgan (Unitary Authority)
District: the Vale of Glamorgan (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: St. Donats (Community)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SS9169
Four figure Latitude: 51.409513
Four figure longitude: -3.568602
1:25K map: SS9169
1:10K map: SS96NW
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1000 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: returned to finder
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Unknown

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Bailey, G. 1995 Detector Finds Chelmsford Greenlight Publishing
Egan, G. 1998 The Medieval Household: Daily Living c.1150-c.1450 (Medieval Finds from Excavations in London) London The Stationery Office
Margeson, S. 1993 Norwich Households: Medieval and Post-Medieval Finds from Norwich Survey Excavations 1971-78 Norwich East Anglian Archaeology

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMGW
Created: 17 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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