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Unique ID: NMGW3303

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Fragment of a cast copper alloy two-piece trumpet brooch. Only part of the bow and head of the brooch survive; the spring, chord, pin, lower half of the bow and catch-plate are missing. The surface of the brooch is heavily corroded and much original surface detail has been lost. The reverse of the brooch's head contains the remains of a perforated lug, which would have presumably accommodated an axial bar. The decoration on the middle of the bow consists of poorly defined moulding rather than a typical "acanthus" motif. No other decoration on the brooch is visible. Surviving length 43mm. An example of Collingwood's Type R (I) cf. 1930, 251-253, fig.62, nos.46-48. Trumpet brooches are a common type and are found throughout Roman Britain on both military and civilian sites. The brooch type has a date range from the mid first century AD to the late second century AD and although closer dating on typological criteria has been suggested, its validity is not certain (Hattatt 1987, 128; Mackreth 1997, 136). Two antecedents for the type have been suggested: the Pannonian "Kraftig Profilierte" type and the pre-Roman Aylesford type (Hattatt 1982, 104; Hattatt 1987, 126-128). The triple moulded flanges have been considered a prototype of the 'acanthus' motif (Collingwood 1930, 253; Hattatt 1982, 105) suggesting that this example may be relatively early in date.


This record was created before the Portable Antiquities Scheme began using the Central Database. We are aware that this record may fall below our usual standards of recording, and we are working to rectify this.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: Post AD 43
Date to: Ante AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 43 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 1st January 2001

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by:
Identified by:

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NMGWPA: 2001.8.31

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: Wales (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Monmouthshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Monmouthshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Caerwent (Community)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: ST4591
Four figure Latitude: 51.615126
Four figure longitude: -2.795744
1:25K map: ST4591
1:10K map: ST49SE
Grid reference source: Centred on parish
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: returned to finder
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Unknown

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Collingwood, R.G. 1930 The Archaeology of Roman Britain London Methuen & Co. Ltd.
Hattatt, R. 1982 Ancient and Romano-British brooches Sherborne Dorset Publishing
Hattatt, R. 1987 Brooches of Antiquity: a third selection of brooches from the author's collection Oxford Oxbow Books

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMGW
Created: 18 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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