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Unique ID: NMGW3225

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Derivative trumpet-headed brooch of the disc and trumpet type. The bilateral, six coil, spring is accommodated in a recessed hollow set in the rear of the head while the axis bar is held in place by two perforated lugs on either side of the head (type N cf. Hattatt 1982, 49). The bow is straight, with a raised disc set mid-way along its length and terminates in a pseudo-penannular loop. The brooch is incomplete: the chord, pin, part of the solid catch-plate, the lugs set either side of the mid-bow disc and the fixed chain loop surmounting the head of the brooch are missing. The surface of the brooch has been plated with white metal, probably tin but possibly silver. Traces of this applied white metal stand proud, on the head, bow, disc and terminal pseudo-penannular loop as well as "eyes" on the head; the mid-bow disc is also decorated with inset green enamel. Surviving length 53mm. Closely paralleled in from by published examples from Thetford (Hattatt 1982, 110-111, no.87, fig.47) and Mildenhall, Suffolk (Hattatt 1987, 140, no.970, fig.46). Probably of second century AD date. The brooch is a derivative trumpet-headed brooch of the disc and trumpet type. This type conforms to Collingwood's Group S(ii) which includes trumpet headed brooches with circular, semicircular or pelta-shaped plates on the bow, spring pin and head-loop (Collingwood 1930, 255, fig.62). This type has been studied by Richardson (1960) and Hattatt (1982, 110-111, no.87, fig. 47; 1985, 113-114, nos.450-453, fig.47; 1987, 140-141, nos.970-971, fig.46; 1989, 89, no.970, figs.43-44). It is typified by the decorative disc set mid-way along the bow and usually enamelled, the integral chain loop, the trumpet head and the straight bow (Hattatt 1982, 110). Examples of the type are frequently decorated with tinning or inlaid silver (Hattatt 1985, 113). The type is a variation of the early Roman trumpet brooches; the decorative disc is presumably derived from the headstud type of Roman brooch (Hattatt 1982, 110). Examples of the type have been found throughout Roman Britain, including South Wales (Hattatt 1985, 113; Hattatt 1989, 89, 91, fig.44).


The brooch does not qualify as Treasure as, even if the applied white metal is silver rather than tin, the percentage by weight of precious metal in the brooch is significantly below 10 percent. This is confirmed in Section C, part I paragraph 6 of the Act code of practice which reads "objects plated in gold and silver will not normally be treasure" (cf. Department of National Heritage 1997, 3).

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: Post AD 100
Date to: Ante AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 53 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 1st July 1999

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by:
Identified by:

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NMGWPA: 99.36.1

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: White metal
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Wales (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Pembrokeshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Pembrokeshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Manorbier (Community)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SS0698
Four figure Latitude: 51.647239
Four figure longitude: -4.805493
1:25K map: SS0698
1:10K map: SS09NE
Grid reference source: Centred on parish
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: returned to finder
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Unknown

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Collingwood, R.G. 1930 The Archaeology of Roman Britain London Methuen & Co. Ltd.
Department of National Heritage 1997 The Treasure Act 1996. Code and Practice (England and Wales) London Department of National Heritage
Hattatt, R. 1982 Ancient and Romano-British brooches Sherborne Dorset Publishing
Hattatt, R. 1985 Iron Age and Roman Brooches Oxford Oxbow Books
Hattatt, R. 1987 Brooches of Antiquity: a third selection of brooches from the author's collection Oxford Oxbow Books
Hattatt, R. 1989 Ancient Brooches and Other Artefacts: A fourth selection of brooches together with some other antiquities from the author Oxford Oxbow Books
Richardson, K.M. 1960 A Roman brooch from the Outer Hebrides, with notes on others of its type

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMGW
Created: 18 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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