LIN-4DAAD5: Post-medieval lead horn book fragment

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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TOY

Unique ID: LIN-4DAAD5

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Fragment of a lead-alloy toy horn book in good condition. The fragment is flat, and roughly rectangular with a short rectangular extension in the centre at the bottom. This extension may be to hold the book up, imitating the handle of a full-size hornbook. The front has relief decoration of two lines separated by lines of moulded downward-pointing triangles. The letters read: MNOPQR/STWXYZ. The M and N are joined and the Q is lowercase. The W may be U, V, and W all joined together. The reverse is less well preserved, but a cross-hatched decoration can be seen. The dimensions are circa 2mm thick, 35mm in width and 21mm high to the break. The extension measures 10x8mm.

Full-size horn books were teaching tablets that usually contained the alphabet or the Lord's Prayer and which became available during the 16th century. Although the term 'horn book' is commonly used for lead tablets, it is a slightly misleading name. True horn books were made out of wood onto which the printed paper would have been mounted, and then covered with a thin sheet of transparent horn for protection. The lead tablets are far smaller, and would probably have been either toys (Lewis 2012, 98-101) or cheaper versions of the full-size hornbooks.

Class: hornbook
Inscription: [...] / MNOPQR / STWXYZ

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1500
Date to: Circa AD 1699

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 29 mm
Width: 35 mm
Thickness: 2 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Adam Daubney
Identified by: Dr Adam Daubney
Secondary identifier: Dr Helen Geake

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lincolnshire (County)
District: North Kesteven (District)
To be known as: Sleaford

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LIN
Created: 12 years ago
Updated: About one month ago

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