BERK-57FB97: Iron Age-Roman brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: BERK-57FB97

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A fragment of a late Iron Age to Roman, iron bow brooch (circa 25-100 AD). The bow has a circular cross-section and the head, pin, spring and catchplate are all missing. This may be a fragment of a late Iron Age one-piece' 'Nauheim derivative' brooch. Other Nauheim-derivative brooches have been found during the military occupation at sites such as Usk and Castleford (Manning 1995:64-66 fig 22 & Cool & Philo 1998:34-5). Manning (1995:64) notes "that an example made of iron is remarkable in this context since Hull noted the limitation of the iron type to the native oppida (Cunliffe 1968:76; Clifford 1961:167 nos1-4 fig29). It should perhaps be seen as a spoil of war". Dimensions: length 28.86mm; weight 2.03g Reference: Manning, W. H. 1995. Report on the Excavations at Usk 1965-1976. The Roman Small Finds. University of Wales Press, Cardiff. Cool, H. E. M. and Philo, C. 1998. Roman Castleford Excavations 1974-85 Volume I The Small Finds. West Yorkshire Archaeology Service, Wakefield. The fragment could also be the bow of an early Roman brooch. Iron springs and pins are common but iron brooches are rare. However this may also have much to do with their poor survival in the majority of buried contexts and the fact that most metal detectors are used in a setting that reject ferrous material.

Notes:

Found during the Weekend Wanderers King Alfred the Great Rally 26-28 Aug 2006

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Returned to finder
Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: IRON AGE
Period from: IRON AGE
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 25
Date to: Circa AD 100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 28.86 mm
Weight: 2.03 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 27th August 2006

Rally details.

This object was found at Weekend Wanderers - King Alfred the Great 06

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Paula Levick
Identified by: David Williams
Secondary identifier: Mrs Kate Sumnall

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Ticket no. Or 279a

Materials and construction

Primary material: Iron
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: Vale of White Horse (District)
To be known as: Letcombe Regis

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: Returned to finder
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth greater than 0.25m

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BERK
Created: 12 years ago
Updated: 6 years ago

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