SUSS-FFC705: Early medieval : Brooch (front)

Rights Holder: Sussex Archaeological Society
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Rights Holder: Sussex Archaeological Society
CC License:

Rights Holder: Sussex Archaeological Society
CC License:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

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BROOCH

Unique ID: SUSS-FFC705

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete copper alloy early Anglo-Saxon supporting arm brooch with a wide rectangular head. This is decorated with a raised rim along the top, a pair of incised parallel lines across the centre, and another pair of parallel lines at the junction of head and bow. On the reverse of the head, each end has a pierced lug which projects backwards, creating a box shape to house the pin mechanism. The end of the copper-alloy axis bar survives in one lug, but the rest of the pin mechanism is missing.

The head tapers to the bow, which is arched, thin and wide; it is D-shaped in cross-section for most of its length, but has flat panels to top and bottom. The bow is otherwise undecorated. The foot then flares out again, and is decorated similarly to the head; with a moulded ridge across the junction with the bow, a pair of parallel incised lines across the centre, and then it finally terminates with a raised ridge along the base of the foot.

The catch plate also survives, positioned on the reverse of the foot, just above the bottom of the brooch. The catchplate and the reverse of the brooch are both undecorated. The surface of the metal is slightly pitted. Length: 40.2 mm, width: 22.1 mm, thickness: 12.3 mm, weight: 13.3 g.

This type of brooch dates from the 5th century AD; it has been divided by Böhme (1974) into two sub-types based on the width of the head, work later summarised in English by Evison (1977). This brooch falls between Böhme's Typ Mahndorf (head width 25-30mm) and his Typ Perlberg (head width 12-22mm); the wide flaring foot is commoner on the Typ Mahndorf.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: supporting arm

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 425
Date to: Circa AD 475

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 40.2 mm
Width: 22.1 mm
Thickness: 12.3 mm
Weight: 13.3 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 1st January 1990 - Friday 1st January 1993

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mrs Liz Andrews-Wilson
Identified by: Mrs Liz Andrews-Wilson
Secondary identifier: Dr Helen Geake

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: East Sussex (County)
District: Wealden (District)
To be known as: Near Eastbourne

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SUSS
Created: 12 years ago
Updated: 4 months ago

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