HESH-A71501: Iron Age: End looped Cosmetic mortar

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COSMETIC MORTAR

Unique ID: HESH-A71501

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Cast copper alloy cosmetic mortar (also known as cosmetic or woad grinder) of late Iron Age to early Roman date circa 300 BC - 200 AD. The cosmetic mortar has a plain bowed profile with an incomplete fragmentary loop at one terminal and a plain tapered terminal at the other. The mortar is sub-triangular (U shaped) in cross section. It has an elliptical or sub-oval plan with both end terminals tapering to blunt points. On the upper edge of the mortar is the grinding area / surface. This is elliptical (sub-oval) in plan and measures 33.7mm long, 4.3mm wide, and is 0.8mm deep. The grinding area has a very shallow U shaped cross section and shows visible wear. This wear is likely to have occurred during its period of use as a mortar as there is an even patina covering the surface. The mortar measures 43.9mm long, 7.6mm wide, a maximum of 7.7mm thick, and weighs 8.01 grams.

There are no decorative motifs on the mortar. The whole of the mortar is covered in a mid-dark green patina. This patina has been chipped in several places, and this suggests modern damage whilst in the plough soil. Much of the surface is also pitted and very small areas of light green corrosion are present on the surface. The damage to the end loop is relatively old as a patina has developed over the break. Similar end-looped cosmetic mortars can be seen in Ralph Jackson’s paper on 'Cosmetic sets from the late Iron Age and Roman Britain' (1985: Britannia, Vol. 16, pp165- 192). The closest parallel to this example is from Stonea, Cambridgeshire (catalogue number 25).

Class: End looped

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: IRON AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: IRON AGE
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: 300 BC
Date to: AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 43.9 mm
Width: 7.6 mm
Thickness: 7.7 mm
Weight: 8.01 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Peter Reavill
Identified by: Mr Peter Reavill

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Sutton

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 13 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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