OXON-F85B9A: Medieval lead roof mount

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Unique ID: OXON-F85B9A

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete, Medieval lead mount dating c.AD 1398-1550.

The mount is in the form of a six-armed, wavy star. There is a central hold piercing the object that is c.3.8mm in diameter. Thee arms are intact and the tips of two others survive as fragments. Each arm is wavy with two arches. THeyhave a raised border which flank a narrow central raised rib which is also wavey.The mount is decoratively cast with a raised ridge curving along the centre of each arm and there is a central pellet. The reverse is comparatively flat and plain barring warping to the object. Traces of gilding survive on the upper surface with the majority of this being an off white or grey colour.

The mount is 59.5mm long, 39.8mm wide, 4.3mm thick and weighs 25.04 grams

Egan (2005:69-70) notes that they were intended to decorate ceilings. Similar lead stars, often gilded, are known from the sites of palaces and other high-status buildings for example, Clarendon Palace, Wiltshire, Eltham Palace, Kent. They are thought to have been ceiling decorations, as used in the famous 'Star Chamber'. One is known from a context of AD 1500-1550 in London (Egan 2005, 69-70, no. 309) but they were probably used for at least a century before this, as the 'Star Chamber' is first referred to 1398. Spencer (1990:40) writes a few similar badges have been found at Salisbury, these leaden stars, which have been wrongly described as Yorkist stud badges (Mitchiner 1986:207), were a form of applied ceiling and wainscot ornament, often gilded, and were first recognised during the excavations of the site of Clarendon Palace. Similar examples are also recorded on the database e.g. LIN-3BA031, LON-09E3C3, LANCUM-6D98E6.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1398
Date to: Circa AD 1550

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 59.5 mm
Width: 39.8 mm
Thickness: 4.3 mm
Weight: 25.04 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 3rd August 2021 - Tuesday 3rd August 2021

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: OMS receipt 2626

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead Alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

County or Unitary authority: Buckinghamshire (County)
District: Aylesbury Vale (District)
Parish or ward: Boarstall (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SP6214
Four figure Latitude: 51.82119352
Four figure longitude: -1.10187653
1:25K map: SP6214
1:10K map: SP61SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Egan, G. 2005 Material Culture in London in an Age Of Transition: Tudor and Stuart period finds c.1450 - c.1700 from excavations at riverside sites in Southwark London Museum of London Archaeology Service
Jarvis, K 1983 Excavations in Christchurch 1969 to 1980 Dorchester Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: OXON
Created: 3 months ago
Updated: 3 months ago

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