OXON-D5D090: Roman brooch: Colchester derivative, double lug, Harlow style (plan, profile and reverse).

Rights Holder: Oxfordshire County Council
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Unique ID: OXON-D5D090

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Roman (70 - 200 AD) brooch: An incomplete cast copper alloy Colchester derivative, double lug, Harlow style brooch. The brooch is incomplete. The wings are semi-cylindrical with no caps. The exterior of the wings are decorated with a single vertical groove at the terminal. At the centre of the interior of the wings there is a perforated vertical lug, with two perforations, through the lower perforation the copper alloy axis bar passes. The spring is coiled around the axis bar seven times and the chord passes through the upper perforation. The pin is complete, but slightly bent and tapers to a sharp point.

The bow head is hump-like, and has prominent ridge which is sited which tapers in depth and width, down the bow, fading away at the mid point. The bow is sub-square with rounded corners in section. It is broken approximately three-quarters down the bow. The break is not recent. 

The brooch measures 49.77mm long, is 20.70mm width across wings and weighs 10.67 grams.

The brooch has a dark brown patina and is in very good condition.

A similar brooch is illustrated in Mackreth, Plate 32 No. 11498, and is classified as Chap 3, Part 1 Group 1b dating to c. 70 to 200.

Mackreth, D. F. 2011 Brooches in Late Iron Age and Roman Britain Volume 1 Oxford: Oxbow Books

Class: Colchester derivative, double lug, Harlow
Sub class: Mackreth, 2011, Chap 3, Part 1 Group 1b

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 70
Date to: Circa AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 49.77 mm
Width: 20.7 mm
Weight: 10.67 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 11th February 2021 - Tuesday 7th December 2021

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: Object Entry Form: 2644

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: Vale of White Horse (District)
Parish or ward: Kingston Bagpuize with Southmoor (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU3995
Four figure Latitude: 51.65244492
Four figure longitude: -1.43767284
1:25K map: SU3995
1:10K map: SU39NE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: OXON
Created: 6 months ago
Updated: 6 months ago

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