SUSS-769B8E: copper alloy cross crosslet mount or badge

Rights Holder: Sussex Archaeological Society
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Unique ID: SUSS-769B8E

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An almost complete Post-Medieval to Modern copper alloy mount in the form of a cross crosslet with a single integral bent spike dating c. 1500-1910. 

The mount is formed from a flat copper alloy sheet in the shape of an openwork cross crosslet with four square apertures in the angles of the central arms.  The edges of the apertures bend inwards towards the reverse. The upper surface is decorated with a recessed linear groove that traces the external edge of the plate. The mount is quite crudely formed with uneven edges. On the reverse the decorative grooves are in high relief.  At the centre of the reverse is a single integral pointed rivet or spike, which bends sharply at 90 degrees running parallel to the reverse of the plate, the point emerging just beyond the lower edge.  

Measurements: Length of plate: 21.28mm; width of plate: 19.77mm; thickness: 0.73mm. Length of rivet: 15.07mm; weight: 0.88g .

Discussion: This cross-crosslet form has been used for centuries and Mitchiner (1998, 93) quotes a link with the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre. However, in a thin and pressed form they were also used in the 19th century often to decorate items such as mirrors. PUBLIC-2E55D5 notes the iconography of these mounts would fit into a medieval context, but the boundaries are somewhat blurred by Gothic revival fashion. No example has ever been found in a medieval context. A reference for a more modern date can be found in the Army and Navy Stores Catalogue from 1907 where they are listed on page 197 described as "fancy nails". 

Other examples recorded through the PAS scheme include: SF-91FEE7SF-DDFAD5DEV-8FDB43 and  WILT-1A3022

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Period to: MODERN
Date from: Circa AD 1500
Date to: Circa AD 1910

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 24.45 mm
Width: 19.77 mm
Thickness: 0.73 mm
Weight: 0.88 g

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hampshire (County)
District: Winchester (District)
Parish or ward: Denmead (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU6612
Four figure Latitude: 50.90371041
Four figure longitude: -1.06275293
1:25K map: SU6612
1:10K map: SU61SE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Mitchiner, M. 1986 Medieval Pilgrim and Secular Badges Hawkins Publications 939-942

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SUSS
Created: 7 months ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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