DOR-E0943E: Post Medieval jetton

Rights Holder: Somerset County Council
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JETTON

Unique ID: DOR-E0943E

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper-alloy French jetton. 'Moor's head' type inscribed AVE MARIA GRACIA P on the obverse. The reverse legend appears blundered and reads MA VE RI [-]. The reverse design is a double stranded arcuate cross fleury with a fleur de lis at the centre and a florette in each angle. Probably minted at Tournai.It appears that the blank was not big enough to accommodate the full designs on the dies.
Date: Late Medieval c. 1350 - 1425
Reference: Mitchiner (1988, 158) no. 371 & 372.
Diameter: 20.51 mm
Weight: 1.53 g

Similar jettons are recorded in PAS database records SUR-DF6ADC and HAMP-95D98A where Rob Webley noted: "Examples of Moor's head jettons have been found in 14th and 15th century levels in London. According to Mitchiner (1988, 157), 'the Moor's head was first used as an emblem by Queen Marguerite de Provence, wife of Louis IX, who died in 1275. It appears on some of her jettons'. The arcuate cross is a common reverse of the Moor's head jettons and replaced an earlier 'R', which can be compared to early lettered 'I/R' jettons. The author suggests that 'IR' stands for 'Ieton de la Royne' ('jeton of the Queen') and that Feuardent believes that such jettons may have been employed in the queen's almonry".

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1350
Date to: Circa AD 1425

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 1.53 g
Diameter: 20.51 mm

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCMS 019530

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Jetton/ token data

Class: French
Group: Moor's Head
Type: (M368-378a) - Unknown: c. 1250 - c. 1521
Denomination: Jetton
Obverse description: Moor's head facing right
Obverse inscription: +AVE MARIA GRACIA P
Reverse description: Double stranded arcuate cross fleury with a fleur de lis at the centre and a florette in each angle
Reverse inscription: MA VE RI [-]
Degree of wear: Worn: fine

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Dorset (County)
District: West Dorset (District)
Parish or ward: Sydling St. Nicholas (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SY6399
Four figure Latitude: 50.7893798
Four figure longitude: -2.52627387
1:25K map: SY6399
1:10K map: SY69SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: DOR
Created: 7 months ago
Updated: 7 months ago

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