WMID-693BCF: Medieval coin: Incomplete cut halfpenny of William I

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Unique ID: WMID-693BCF

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete medieval silver cut halfpenny of William I (1066-87), 'Canopy type' (North 843, BMC iii), dating to the period c.AD 1070-72, mint and moneyer uncertain (possibly mint: Worcester, moneyer: Baldric; moneyer's name ends DRIC, see below for discussion). Ref: North 1994: p191.

The coin is incomplete, missing a fragment from one end.

Length: 15.1 mm
Width: 9.5 mm
Thickness: 0.8 mm
Weight: 0.5 g

The attribution of this coin to the Worcester moneyer Baldric (or Balderic) is not certain. The surviving part of the coin appears to read [  ]DRIC O[  ] indicating only the end of the moneyer's name survives before the 'O' on ON prior to the mint name, although there is still mud encrusting parts of the coin, including around what appears to be the D. Moneyer's names ending in 'dric' are common in William I's reign and known form numerous mints with names Eadric, Godric and Ordric. Given the the orientation of the cross and the letter spacing it would apperar that the reverse inscription starts opposite the full remaining cross end, and so would be a longer name for which Baldric, known from Worcester alone, seems to be the only suitable choice. Given the findspot, not far north of Worcester, this would appear a reasonable attribution. However, Baldric is known only from the two issues following the 'Canopy' type (the 'Two Sceptres' and 'Two Stars' types, dating c.1072-77; Allen 2012: p.83) and so there is no parallel for this coin. If correct, it would be an important addition to the corpus of the Worcester-minted coinage of William I adding a new moneyer to the 'Canopy' type from the city. An alternative is that the reading of the 'D' is incorrect owing to the uncleaned nature of the coin, and that, if fully clean, it may read [  ]FRIC which could suggest a number of other moneyers including the Worcester moneyer Leofric, known to have struck in the 'Canopy' type.      

Finds of coins of William I from the Worcestershire and the West Midlands are rare, and this coin was found to the north of the main group in the region focused on the area east of the Severn between Worcester and Gloucester.   

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1070
Date to: Circa AD 1072

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 15.1 mm
Width: 9.5 mm
Thickness: 0.8 mm
Weight: 0.5 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 22nd March 2020 - Sunday 22nd March 2020

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Incomplete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Cut halfpenny
Ruler/issuer: William the Conqueror
Category: Coin of Norman and Early Plantagenet England 1066-1180
Type: William I BMC iii (N 843)
Obverse description: Right side of canopy
Obverse inscription: [ ]M REX I[ ]
Reverse description: Art of double quadrilateral with incurved sides, fleury at the angles.
Reverse inscription: [ ]DRIC O[ ]
Degree of wear: Worn: fine

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Worcestershire (County)
District: Wyre Forest (District)
Parish or ward: Rushock (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO8870
Four figure Latitude: 52.3279592
Four figure longitude: -2.17750571
1:25K map: SO8870
1:10K map: SO87SE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Found whilst out searching with a metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 8 months ago
Updated: About one month ago

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