KENT-6E51C2: Iron Age brooch

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
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BROOCH

Unique ID: KENT-6E51C2

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete copper-alloy brooch (Colchester one piece) of  Iron Age to Roman date (c. AD 25-70).

Description: 

The brooch survives as the head, bow, foot, part of the catchplate and some of the separate spring and pin mechanism although most of this including the pin is now missing.

The head of the brooch possesses two short wings which have a total width of 13.4mm. One of these has broken near the head and the other has bent round and attached itself to the top of the bow, likely during heat damage. It is therefore not clear the originally shape of these. From what does remain of the wings, they are flat at their back and raise gradually to meet the bow so that they are triangular in cross section.

From the centre of the wings segment, project two integrally cast strips: one at the top, one at the bottom. The bottom section curls upwards to create the now missing spring mechanism and pin. The upper section curves up and over itself narrowing and flattening as it does so before being folded flat against the front of the bow leaving a small loop above the head of the brooch through which the the only remaining part of the spring mechanism travels. 

The bow projects from the front of the wings with a width of 7.3mm. It is D-shaped, in cross section and gradually narrows down its length to a minimum width of 2.0mm at the foot which is pointed and plain. The entire bow is also plain and undecorated baring the strip folded over its top. 

At the back of the lower half of the bow, is a triangular projection which are all that remain of a catchplate. The spaces between this and the foot suggest this to be of the openwork type. 

The brooch has a medium green-brown patina with red-brown patches and a glossy surface. 

Measurements: The brooch is 47mm long, 7.3mm wide, 3mm thick in profile and weighs 5.37 grams.

Class: Colchester one piece
Sub class: Mackreth 2011, C 2. Plate 22

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: IRON AGE
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 25
Date to: Circa AD 70

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 47 mm
Width: 7.3 mm
Thickness: 3 mm
Weight: 5.47 g

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Hand made
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Swale (District)
Parish or ward: Hernhill (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TR0660
Four figure Latitude: 51.30183492
Four figure longitude: 0.95377075
1:25K map: TR0660
1:10K map: TR06SE
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: 10 months ago
Updated: About one month ago

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