LVPL-68E714: Early medieval pendant

Rights Holder: National Museums Liverpool
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PENDANT

Unique ID: LVPL-68E714

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Treasure case 2021 T760

Description:
A complete gold disc pendant with filigree decoration, dating to the Early Medieval period. The pendant is formed of a flat circular sheet of gold with a ribbed suspension loop affixed to one edge. The loop is formed of a sub-rectangular ribbed strip of gold rolled over from the front of the sheet to the reverse. A plain wire loop is secured along the edge and the reverse of the suspension loop.

The face of the pendant is decorated with a central circular cell which is filled with a red stone, presumably a garnet. It is surrounded by an undecorated strip of sheet gold which is then bordered by a ring of filigree. The rest of the face is equally divided by plaited bands into eight segments. Within each segment a crescent made of a twisted filigree protrudes from the pendant border. An almost circular loop straddles the segment line positioned at the suspension loop. The outer edge of the pendant is also decorated is bordered by a filigree wire. The reverse is plain and undecorated.

Dimensions:
Length: 23.1mm
Width: 21.3mm
Thickness: 0.7mm
Weight: 2.2g

Discussion:
This pendant fits well into a range of early medieval gold disc pendants with filigree decoration, many based around cruciform motifs. Their decoration ranges from very simple to very complex incorporating multiple gem settings. They have been categorised by Hines and Bayliss (2013) as Type PE1, ‘Composite Au/Ag pendant, with filigree and semi-precious stones' (p. 211, fig. 5.516). Such pendants have been excavated from early seventh century burials, e.g. at the British Museum, examples from Milton Regis (1926,0410.2, 1926,0410.1, 1921,1020.1) and King's Field, Faversham, Kent (reg. no. 1884,1221.6; .1137.’70). A growing number of stray finds have also been found in recent years, and are recorded on the PAS database. Examples from Yorkshire include 2019 T784 (YORYM-7AB971) from Skirpenbeck, East Riding and 2020 T192 (YORYM-E99B18) from Garton, East Riding.

These pendants can be dated to the seventh century, with the latest date being provided by their inclusion in grave 93 at Boss Hall, Suffolk which also contained a late seventh-century Series B sceatta (Geake 1997: 38; Webster and Backhouse 1991, no. 33).

Notes:

Conclusion:                                                                                                                                                      
As the object likely contains at least 10% precious metal and is over 300 years old, it meets the criteria for Treasure under the terms of the Treasure Act 1996.

References:
Geake, H. (1997) The Use of Grave Goods in Conversion Period England AD 600–850. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.

Hines, J. and Bayliss, A. (2013) Anglo-Saxon Graves and Grave Goods of the 6th and 7th Centuries AD: A Chronological Framework. London: The Society for Medieval Archaeology. The Society for Early Medieval Archaeology Monograph 33.

Webster, L. and Backhouse, J. (eds.), (1991) The Making of England. London: British Museum Press.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder after being disclaimed as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2021T760

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 600
Date to: Circa AD 700

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 23.1 mm
Width: 21.3 mm
Thickness: 0.7 mm
Weight: 2.2 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 19th September 2021

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2021T760

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Secondary material: Gem
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: South Cave

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LVPL
Created: 10 months ago
Updated: 2 months ago

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