NMS-636BF3: Early-medieval Carolingian-style copper-alloy mount

Rights Holder: Norfolk Museums Service
CC License:

Rights Holder: Norfolk County Council
CC License:

Rights Holder: Norfolk County Council
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: NMS-636BF3

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Copper-alloy 9th-century Carolingian-style mount, now worn and perhaps incomplete, with a possibly secondary iron rivet. It is nearly flat, slightly convex on the front and slightly concave on the reverse, and sub-rectangular in shape, measuring 30.1mm long, 28.9mm wide in the centre and 26.5mm wide at each end. It is approximately 4.5mm thick and weighs 13.9g.

It is decorated on the front with cast relief ornament. The design comprises a radiating pattern which fills most of the available space, and a distinct convex strip along one long edge which is separated from the radiating pattern by a groove. It is described with the strip held uppermost.

In the centre of the radiating pattern is a small rectangular boss, set with shorter edges top and bottom, with two vertical grooves on the top. From this, ridges radiate in a repeating pattern. At the top is a pair with forked ends, flanked by a wiggly line to either side. The next element to either side is a pair of straight ridges which run to the corners, interrupted by obliquely set small rectangular bosses. A final wiggly line runs to just above the centre of either short side

This fills the top half, and the bottom half is probably the same. It starts with a wiggly line running to just below the centre of either short side, then there are pairs of straight lines interrupted by rectangular bosses, then another wiggly line. The expected lines in the centre of the bottom are obscured by an iron rivet, probably originally c. 4mm square, set just below the central boss.

When first found and photographed, there appears to have been a small strip of silver inlaid into the centre of one of the rectangular bosses, but on arrival with the finds recording team this was no longer present.

The differently decorated strip along the top has two transversely set rectangular bosses in the centre, each probably with a central vertical groove. To either side of this is a pair of panels with alternately set triangular grooves and ridges.

Mounts DENO-872273 (from the Torksey area) and BH-8F458C (from Little Munden, Herts) are also rectangular with a raised rib or convex moulding along one edge, and DENO-872273 also shares the radial motif in the main panel, Other mounts illustrated by Thomas have a moulding at both short ends with a radial pattern between (Thomas 2012, nos. 11 and 14), and it is possible that the Filby mount may have been similar but is now incomplete. The silver-inlaid rectangular bosses can be paralleled on a copper-alloy strap-end from Colby, Norfolk (NMS-5BAC02; Thomas 2012, no. 20); the decoration on the raised moulding can be paralleled on another, from Ixworth, Suffolk (SF-8724D1; Thomas 2012, no. 23). Thomas dates these objects to the 9th century (2012, 497).

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Middle
Subperiod to: Late
Date from: Circa AD 800
Date to: Circa AD 900

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 30.1 mm
Width: 28.9 mm
Thickness: 4.5 mm
Weight: 13.9 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 18th July 2021 - Sunday 18th July 2021

Personal details

This information is restricted for your access level.

Other reference numbers

SMR reference number: 64792
Other reference: INDBGT02082021HG

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Uncertain
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with metal

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Norfolk (County)
District: Great Yarmouth (District)
Parish or ward: Filby (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TG4814
Four figure Latitude: 52.66692841
Four figure longitude: 1.66636266
1:25K map: TG4814
1:10K map: TG41SE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Thomas, G. 2012 Carolingian culture in the North Sea world: rethinking the cultural dynamics of personal adornment in Viking age England. Europe European Journal of Archaeology

Similar objects

Find number: FAHG-123AB4
Object type: MOUNT
Rectangular Carolingian-style mount made of gilded silver and inlaid with niello. It has been cast in high relief, with detailed and well mad…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: HAMP-9E6A09
Object type: STRAP END
An apparently complete copper alloy middle/ late Early-Medieval (Anglo-Saxon) strap-end with a straight rather than curved short end. The str…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: LEIC-640CB5
Object type: FINGER RING
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Medieval silver finger ring, 24mm in diameter, 7mm wide and 0.75mm thick. The object is in good condition and weighs 1.6grams. The ring consi…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMS
Created: 9 months ago
Updated: 9 months ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.