BERK-7B1C46: COIN - penny of Cnut

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COIN

Unique ID: BERK-7B1C46

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An early medieval silver cut halfpenny of Cnut (1016-35), short cross type (North 790) dating to c.AD 1029-35/6, moneyer: Huna (possibly; see notes), mint: Malmesbury (possibly; see notes). Ref: North 1994: 168.

The coin is in good condition and has been bent into a right-angle (90o). A crack is visible on the inside of the bend, across the obverse. 

Notes:

The moneyer and mint of this coin remain uncertain given the amount of the inscription missing - the reverse reads '[ ]NNA ON [ ]' with a vertical portion of a letter after the ON. The coin may, though, be die-lnked to EMC1015.3135, a penny of Huna of Malmesbury. Such coinage from smaller mints tended to circulate relatively close to home, and the findspot of this coin is approx. 40km south of Malmesbury. If correct this is the first coin of Cnut recorded by the PAS from this mint.

A recent re-appraisal of the post-973 reforms dates Cnut's short cross more broadly to 'mid-late 1020s to 1035 (Naismith 2017: table 17).

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Regional importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1029
Date to: Circa AD 1035

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 10.3 mm
Width: 8.3 mm
Thickness: 0.8 mm
Weight: 0.45 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 19th June 2021

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Cut halfpenny
Ruler/issuer: Cnut the Great
Mint or issue place: Malmesbury
Category: Coin of the kings of All England 924/5-1066

Type: N 790 (Short Cross)
Obverse description: Left-facing diademed bust with sceptre in front.
Obverse inscription: [ ]/VT R[ ]
Reverse description: Voided short cross within plain circle, annulet and pellet in centre.
Reverse inscription: [ ]NNA ON [ ] (vertical part of letter after ON)
Die axis measurement: 12 o'clock
Degree of wear: Worn: fine

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Sutton Veny (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: ST8941
Four figure Latitude: 51.16813536
Four figure longitude: -2.15870792
1:25K map: ST8941
1:10K map: ST84SE
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Naismith, R 2017 Medieval European Coinage 8: Britain and Ireland c.400-1066 Cambridge CUP
North, J.J. 1994 English Hammered Coinage: Volume I. Early Anglo-Saxon to Henry III, c. 600-1272 London Spink and Son Ltd

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BERK
Created: 11 months ago
Updated: 10 months ago

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