BERK-7B1C46: COIN - penny of Cnut

Rights Holder: Berkshire Archaeology
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: BERK-7B1C46

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An early medieval silver cut halfpenny of Cnut (1016-35), short cross type (North 790) dating to c.AD 1029-35/6, moneyer: Huna (possibly; see notes), mint: Malmesbury (possibly; see notes). Ref: North 1994: 168.

The coin is in good condition and has been bent into a right-angle (90o). A crack is visible on the inside of the bend, across the obverse. 


The moneyer and mint of this coin remain uncertain given the amount of the inscription missing - the reverse reads '[ ]NNA ON [ ]' with a vertical portion of a letter after the ON. The coin may, though, be die-lnked to EMC1015.3135, a penny of Huna of Malmesbury. Such coinage from smaller mints tended to circulate relatively close to home, and the findspot of this coin is approx. 40km south of Malmesbury. If correct this is the first coin of Cnut recorded by the PAS from this mint.

A recent re-appraisal of the post-973 reforms dates Cnut's short cross more broadly to 'mid-late 1020s to 1035 (Naismith 2017: table 17).

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Regional importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Subperiod to: Late
Date from: Circa AD 1029
Date to: Circa AD 1035

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 10.3 mm
Width: 8.3 mm
Thickness: 0.8 mm
Weight: 0.45 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 19th June 2021

Personal details

This information is restricted for your access level.

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Cut halfpenny
Ruler/issuer: Cnut the Great
Mint or issue place: Malmesbury
Category: Coin of the kings of All England 924/5-1066

Type: N 790 (Short Cross)
Obverse description: Left-facing diademed bust with sceptre in front.
Obverse inscription: [ ]/VT R[ ]
Reverse description: Voided short cross within plain circle, annulet and pellet in centre.
Reverse inscription: [ ]NNA ON [ ] (vertical part of letter after ON)
Die axis measurement: 12 o'clock
Degree of wear: Worn: fine

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Sutton Veny (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: ST8941
Four figure Latitude: 51.16813536
Four figure longitude: -2.15870792
1:25K map: ST8941
1:10K map: ST84SE
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Naismith, R 2017 Medieval European Coinage 8: Britain and Ireland c.400-1066 Cambridge CUP
North, J.J. 1994 English Hammered Coinage: Volume I. Early Anglo-Saxon to Henry III, c. 600-1272 London Spink and Son Ltd

Similar objects

Find number: LEIC-400CE7
Object type: COIN
Early Medieval silver penny of Cnut (AD 1016-1035), Short cross type dating to 1029-35/6, moneyer Leofwine, Northampton mint, North 790.
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: HESH-3CA48E
Object type: COIN
An early medieval silver cut farthing (quarter penny ) of Cnut (1016-35), Short Cross type (North 790) dating to c. AD1029-35/6, mint and mon…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: YORYM-AEFF50
Object type: COIN
Incomplete silver penny of Cnut (1016-35), Small cross type(1029-35), Moneyer: unknown, Mint: London, North type 790 (North 1994, 168).
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BERK
Created: 11 months ago
Updated: 10 months ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.