BH-45EF89: Medieval Clark type 2B horseshoe

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

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Unique ID: BH-45EF89

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete forged/wrought iron wavy rimmed horseshoe of Clark type 2B dating to the Medieval period (c. 1150-1300). The shoe is crescent shaped and broadly rectangular in cross-section. The wavy outside edges consist of three rounded lobes while the inner edge is arched and slightly correspondingly lobed. Each lobe has a punched sub-oval/square-shaped nail hole in the centre, all of which are infilled with deposition residue. The heels are slightly inclined together. The calkins projecting from the upper surface at the end of each heel are broadly rectangular in plan and cross section, both of which are worn and damaged slightly. Two of the nail holes have a surviving nail through them. Each nail has a flat hemispherical head and a flat elongated and broken rectangular shank. The toe is worn and gently rounded. The entire shoe is heavily rusted and corroded.

The shoe measures 110mm in length, 104mm in width and 8mm in thickness.. It weighs 220 grams.

For a similar example recorded on the Portable Antiquities Scheme database, see BH-AAFF1B.


Recorded remotely with information and images provided by finder.

Class: Clark type 2B

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1150
Date to: Circa AD 1300

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 110 mm
Width: 104 mm
Thickness: 8 mm
Weight: 220 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 18th April 2021 - Sunday 18th April 2021

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Iron
Manufacture method: Hand made
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: South Oxfordshire (District)
Parish or ward: Cholsey (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU5988
Four figure Latitude: 51.58777375
Four figure longitude: -1.14978824
1:25K map: SU5988
1:10K map: SU58NE
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Clark, J. 1995 The Medieval Horse and its Equipment c.1150 - c.1450 London HMSO 116 125

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BH
Created: About one year ago
Updated: 11 months ago

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