SWYOR-680620: Medieval to Post medieval iron axe

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CC License: All Rights Reserved

Rights Holder: Copyright retained by illustrator
CC License: All Rights Reserved

Rights Holder: Copyright retained by illustrator
CC License: All Rights Reserved

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Unique ID: SWYOR-680620

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A probably Medieval iron axehead dating from AD 1100 - 1500. The socket is incomplete, with one face missing. The cutting edge is convex, or this may be a broken end. It is wider than the rest of the blade, which tapers smoothly to the socket. The sides of the socket are shaped into a point so the socket is taller than the neck of the blade. It is covered with corrosion. Weight is 1470g, Length 262mm, Width 98mm and Thickness 28mm.

Dr Kevin Leahy looked for parallels to the shape in  books by Manning on Roman iron, Goodhall on Medieval ironworkand Salman on recent tools, and suggests that the closest parallels are Medieval, from Goodall.


This object has been recorded from images and details provided by the finder during the Covid-19 Pandemic and has not been examined by the FLO.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1100
Date to: Circa AD 1500

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 262 mm
Width: 98 mm
Thickness: 28 mm
Weight: 1470 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st January 2021 - Monday 10th May 2021

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Iron
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Rotherham (Metropolitan District)
District: Rotherham (Metropolitan District)
Parish or ward: Wentworth (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SK4296
Four figure Latitude: 53.45908286
Four figure longitude: -1.36891752
1:25K map: SK4296
1:10K map: SK49NW
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Other chance find
Discovery circumstances: Found laying on a grassy bank under a sparse hedge, on top of the vegetation
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Land boundary

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Goodall, I.H. 2011 Ironwork in Medieval Britain: An Archaeological Study London The Society of Medieval Archaeology

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SWYOR
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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