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The British Museum

NMGW-9A7E11: Early Medieval coin: penny of Æthelræd II

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Unique ID: NMGW-9A7E11

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Early Medieval silver coin


Obv. +ÆÐELRED REX ANGL·ER; diademed bust l., four pellets to front, linked to shoulder by curved lines

Rev.  +ÆÐELVEARD MO NA; small cross pattée

Weight: 1.49g; Die-axis: 0º

First Small Cross type, c.978-9; BMC i; Hildebrand A; North 764.

EMC 2016.0222

For initial discussion of this coin, see , which covers much useful ground. It is also worth noting that the only ‘Aethelweard’ recorded for Aethelraed II in First Small Cross is a moneyer at the ‘North/Southampton’ mint. In the following issue (First Hand), the mint signature for Aethelweard is ‘Hamwi(c)’, so specifically Southampton (SCBI 7, 411 and 20, 820).

The spacings in the transcriptions above are editorial, both legends reading continuously. Taken at face value, the mint signature, if there is one, appears to be ‘NA’; according to North this is found on ‘reform’ coins of Edgar and Edward Martyr, and has been interpreted as Northampton or Southampton (i.e., ‘HA’).

With one exception, the other Aethelweards of Aethelraed’s coinage do not appear before the Crux type of the 990s; the exception is at Winchester, in the Second Hand type, a suggestive geographical proximity to Southampton: the same man ?

I would suggest that the new find be read as giving both moneyer and mint. The evidence is not conclusive, but does appear to be suggestive of an attribution to Southampton.

E.M.B. 5.x.16

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Regional importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Subperiod to: Late
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon style
Date from: Exactly AD 978
Date to: Exactly AD 979

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 1.49 g

Personal details

This information is restricted for your access level.

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NMWPA 2016.176.1

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Penny
Ruler/issuer: Æthelred the Unready
Mint or issue place: Southampton
Category: Coin of the kings of All England 924/5-1066

Type: N 764 (First Small Cross) (Hild. A)
Obverse description: Diademed bust l., four pellets to front, linked to shoulder by curved lines
Obverse inscription: +ÆÐELRED REX ANGL·ER
Reverse description: small cross pattée
Reverse inscription: +ÆÐELVEARD MO NA
Die axis measurement: 12 o'clock
Degree of wear: Slightly worn: very fine

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: Wales (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: the Vale of Glamorgan (Unitary Authority)
District: the Vale of Glamorgan (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Llancarfan (Community)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: ST0771
Four figure Latitude: 51.43034443
Four figure longitude: -3.33915072
1:25K map: ST0771
1:10K map: ST07SE
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMGW
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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